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The modification of tyrosine residues in proteins to 3-nitrotyrosine by peroxynitrite or other potential nitrating agents has been detected in biological systems that are subject to oxidative stress. A convenient semi-quantitative method has been developed to assay nitrated proteins in biological fluids and homogenates using a competitive ELISA developed in(More)
Levels of free anti-(xanthine oxidoreductase) (XOR) antibodies in the serum of normal healthy human subjects were determined, using both human and bovine enzyme as antigen, in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Levels of IgM class anti-(human XOR) antibodies were found to be particularly high (mean values representing approximately 3% of total(More)
The nitration of protein tyrosine residues by peroxynitrous acid has been associated with pathological conditions. Here it is shown, using a sensitive competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunoblotting for nitrotyrosine, that spontaneous nitration of specific proteins occurs during a physiological process, the activation of platelets by(More)
The inactivation of ribosomal protein S6 kinase 1 (S6K1) recapitulates aspects of caloric restriction and mTORC1 inhibition to achieve prolonged longevity in invertebrate and mouse models. In addition to delaying normative aging, inhibition of mTORC1 extends the shortened lifespan of yeast, fly, and mouse models with severe mitochondrial disease. Here we(More)
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