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BACKGROUND Infections of short term, nontunneled, intravascular catheters are often caused by migration of organisms from the insertion site. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of a chlorhexidine gluconate-impregnated dressing for the reduction of central venous catheter (CVC) colonization and CVC-associated bloodstream(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety of a propofol-ketamine mixture to induce and maintain anesthesia in spontaneously breathing pediatric patents during cardiac catheterization. DESIGN Prospective clinical study. SETTING Departments of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Anesthesiology, and Pediatric Anesthesiology in a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS Forty-five(More)
Current algorithms for bounded model checking (BMC) use SAT methods for checking satisfiability of Boolean formulas. These BMC methods suffer from a potential memory explosion problem. Methods based on the validity of Quantified Boolean Formulas (QBF) allow an exponentially more succinct representation of the checked formulas, but have not been widely used,(More)
INTRODUCTION Anomalous origin of one pulmonary artery from the ascending aorta is a rare cardiac anomaly in which the pulmonary artery abnormally arises from the ascending aorta. Physiologically, most patients develop signs of cardiac failure due to high flow to both lungs, with systemic or supra-systemic pressures in the normally connected lung. The(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative bleeding and blood product requirements can be substantial in children undergoing open-heart surgery, and reexploration is required in 1% of cases. Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa, NovoSeven, NovoNordisk, Denmark) is a hemostatic agent approved for the treatment of hemophilic patients with inhibitors to factor VIII or(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of the present paper was to assess efficiency of treatment and long-term functional outcome of complex regional pain syndromes (CRPS) in children who were treated in the chronic pain clinic at a major tertiary hospital in Israel. METHODS The files of 14 children with CRPS were analyzed retrospectively. Demographic data, initiating(More)
Myocarditis among pediatric patients varies in severity from mild disease to a fulminant course with overwhelming refractory shock and a high risk of death. Because the disease is potentially reversible, it is reasonable to deploy extracorporeal membranous oxygenation (ECMO) to bridge patients until recovery or transplantation. This study aimed to review(More)
BACKGROUND We undertook a study to determine the effects of four routes of administation on the efficacy of midazolam for premedication. METHODS In a randomized double-blind study, 119 unmedicated children, ASA I-II, aged 1.5-5 years, who were scheduled for minor elective surgery and who had been planned to received midazolam as a premedicant drug, were(More)
Transient visual disturbances have been noted in patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate. It has been suggested recently that these visual aberrations were secondary to high serum concentrations of glycine from the intravasation of irrigant solutions used during the procedure. We prospectively studied visual acuity, serum electrolytes,(More)