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The paper describes the two-year follow-up results from 323 out of 386 patients fulfilling a modified version of Feighner's criteria for diagnosis of schizophrenia, in Lucknow, Vellore, and Madras. There was remission in 66% of cases. Short duration of illness, consistent compliance with medication, positive attitudes of relatives and neighbours, absence of(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous methods of age estimation have been proposed. The Demirjian method is the most frequently used, which was first applied in a French Canadian population in 1973. The Willems method is a modification of the above and was applied in a Belgian population in 2002. OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were to test the applicability of the(More)
BACKGROUND Intestinal immunity induced by oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV) is imperfect and wanes with time, permitting transmission of infection by immunised children. Inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) does not induce an intestinal mucosal immune response, but could boost protection in children who are mucosally primed through previous exposure to OPV. We(More)
Potentially toxic cyanobacterial blooms are becoming common in the freshwater wetlands on the Swan Coastal Plain, Western Australia. During summer the dominant bloom-causing species belong to the genera Microcystis and Anabaena and to a lesser extent Aphanizomenon and Nodularia. Although toxic cyanobacteria have been recorded in the Swan-Canning and(More)
UNLABELLED Rotavirus gastroenteritis is one of the leading causes of diarrhea in Indian children less than 2 years of age. The 116E rotavirus strain was developed as part of the Indo-US Vaccine Action Program and has undergone efficacy trials. This paper reports the efficacy and additional safety data in children up to 2 years of age. In a double-blind(More)
BACKGROUND More than 500,000 deaths are attributed to rotavirus gastroenteritis annually worldwide, with the highest mortality in India. Two successive, naturally occurring rotavirus infections have been shown to confer complete protection against moderate or severe gastroenteritis during subsequent infections in a birth cohort in Mexico. We studied the(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Severe clinical pneumonia and meningitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b in children less than 5 yr old is preventable by use of Hib vaccine. However, data on Hib burden in India are limited. To support an evidence-based decision for Hib vaccine introduction in India, a vaccine probe study was planned. This paper presents the(More)
Forty six subjects infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) were followed up, for recording psychiatric morbidity if any, before and after the information regarding their HIV status was revealed to them. Among these, four patients had the AIDS syndrome, while 42 individuals were HIV carriers. The pre-information morbidity in the AIDS group(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of nutritional supplementation on the outcome and nutritional status of south Indian patients with tuberculosis (TB) with and without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection on anti-tuberculous therapy. METHOD Randomized controlled trial on the effect of a locally prepared cereal-lentil mixture providing 930(More)
Meningitis due to an invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) infection, has been previously perceived to be relatively uncommon in Asia. However, the incidence of disease and its impact may have been underestimated. In addition to a lack of microbiological facilities in some hospitals, difficulties in culturing the organism and the widespread use of(More)