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INTRODUCTION The aim was to describe the prevalence and to estimate the prognosis of congenital hydrocephalus (HC) in fetuses and children. MATERIAL AND METHODS Data for the study were taken from the Eurocat Register of Congenital Malformations for the County of Funen and from medical records. The study includes liveborn, intrauterine deaths, and induced(More)
The JAK2 V617F mutation is a frequent genetic event in the three classical Philadelphia-chromosome negative chronic myeloproliferative disorders (Ph(neg.)-CMPD), polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET) and idiopathic myelofibrosis (IMF). Its occurrence varies in frequency in regards to phenotype. The mutation is found in the majority of(More)
OBJECTIVES Decorin is a stromal-produced small leucine-rich proteoglycan known to attenuate tumour pro-survival, migration, proliferation and angiogenic signalling pathways. Recent studies have shown that decorin interacts with the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) receptor c-Met, a potential key pathway in multiple myeloma (MM). METHODS Decorin levels in(More)
OBJECTIVES Syndecan-1 (SDC1), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and interleukin-6 (IL6) are expressed by malignant plasma cells and cells in the bone marrow microenvironment and may be involved in the angiogenic process in multiple myeloma (MM). METHODS In this study, we examined the association between bone marrow(More)
Interphase fluorescence in-situ hybridization (i-FISH) was used to investigate 192 patients with multiple myeloma (MM; n = 182) and benign monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS; n = 10). Of the 182 MM cases, 132 were investigated without and 50 with positive plasma cell identification (PC-ID+); 134 were investigated at diagnosis, 32 at(More)
Syndecan-1 is a heparan sulfate proteoglycan expressed by both normal and multiple myeloma (MM) plasma cells. Matsui et al. 1 reported the identification of a potential MM " stem cell " resembling less differentiated post germinal center B cells. These cells lacked expression of CD138 but expressed the B-cell antigens CD19 and CD20 as well as surface light(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) lytic bone disease (LBD) is caused by osteoclast activation and osteoblast inhibition. RANK/RANKL/OPG play central roles in osteoclast activation and Wnt inhibitor DKK1 in osteoblast inhibition. The role of other Wnt inhibitors is less clear. We evaluated gene expression of osteoclast regulators (RANK, RANKL, OPG, TRAIL, MIP1A), Wnt(More)
BACKGROUND The Danish National Lymphoma Register (LYFO) prospectively includes information on all lymphoma patients newly diagnosed at hematology departments in Denmark. The validity of the clinical information in the LYFO has never been systematically assessed. AIM To test the coverage and data quality of the LYFO. METHODS The coverage was tested by(More)
PRV-1 is a new molecular marker within the Ph-negative chronic myeloproliferative disorders. PRV-1 is a useful, highly sensitive and specific marker in the differentiation between polycythaemia vera (PV) and secondary erythrocytosis (ET), and seems to identify those PV patients presenting in the early phase of the disease with dominating thrombocytosis and(More)
Lytic bone disease (LBD) in multiple myeloma (MM) is caused by osteoclast hyperactivation and osteoblast inhibition. Based on in vitro studies, the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) pathway is thought to be central in osteoblast inhibition. We evaluated the gene expression of the HGF pathway in vivo using bone marrow biopsies (BMBs) of patients with MM and(More)