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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The recently described Galdakao-modified supine Valdivia position for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has become increasingly popular. We have made further modifications to this and describe our recent experience compared with our previous prone cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS From April 2011, all patients undergoing PCNL have been(More)
Synaptic pathology in Alzheimer's disease (AD) may occur diffusely or may have regional predilections. A new antibody called EP10 which detects synaptophysin-like immunoreactivity was used to study synapses in postmortem brain tissue. Four brain regions from cases of AD and controls were studied. Controls with a wide range of ages were used to investigate(More)
Plasmacytoid urothelial carcinoma (PUC) is an extremely rare and aggressive variant of urothelial carcinoma. We report a case of a 62-year-old male who presented with a rapid spread of PUC to involve his entire scrotal wall after failed surgery and chemotherapy. The second course of chemotherapy was effective in providing symptom control. We believe this is(More)
Superior mesenteric artery syndrome is a rare cause of mechanical intestinal obstruction. It results from compression of the third part of the duodenum between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta. It has been described in association with a variety of clinical conditions, including prolonged supine immobilization, application of a body cast, ileal(More)
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