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A model to analyze resemblances of twins and parents using LISREL is outlined and applied to sports participation and heart-rate data. Sports participation and heart rate were measured in 44 monozygotic and 46 dizygotic adolescent twin pairs and in their parents. Genetic factors influence variation in both sports behavior and heart rate, while there is no(More)
The Netherlands Twin Register (NTR) began in 1987 with data collection in twins and their families, including families with newborn twins and triplets. Twenty-five years later, the NTR has collected at least one survey for 70,784 children, born after 1985. For the majority of twins, longitudinal data collection has been done by age-specific surveys. Shortly(More)
Twin-singleton differences in problem behaviours in 2-3-year-olds were studied. Maternal ratings of children's problem behaviours were obtained with the CBCL/2-3. The twin sample consisted of 1363 twin pairs (456 MZ, 907 DZ), the sample of singletons consisted of 420 children from the general population. Results indicated that the general level of problem(More)
The question whether symptom-free migraine patients show cognitive impairments compared to matched control subjects is addressed, and also whether migraine patients show transient cognitive impairments induced by an attack. The Neuropsychological Evaluation System (NES2) was administered once in an interictal period and twice within 30 h after different(More)
Implicit in the application of the common-factor model as a method for decomposing trait covariance into a genetic and environmental part is the use of factor scores. In multivariate analyses, it is possible to estimate these factor scores for the communal part of the model. Estimation of scores on latent factors in terms of individual observations within(More)
Twin family data can cast light on the longstanding problem about the influences of genes and environment on the etiology of left-handedness. Therefore, hand preference was assessed in 1700 adolescent twin pairs and their parents. Left-handedness (LH) appeared not significantly enhanced among twins compared to the general population. In addition the(More)
Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) has been shown to be a sensitive index of vagal cardiac control. We studied the genetic and nongenetic influences on individual differences in RSA in a sample of 160 adolescent twins. RSA was measured during rest and across two different tasks. Results show that heritability is task dependent. The amount of genetic(More)
Men and women differ in temperament and personality traits, such as aggression and sensation seeking. The sex hormone testosterone could play a role in the origin of these differences, but it remains unclear how and when testosterone could have these effects. One way to investigate the prenatal exposure effect of testosterone is to compare opposite-sex (OS)(More)
In order to investigate the hypothesis that migraine has a detrimental effect on cognitive functioning, 37 female migraine patients and 34 nonheadache female controls underwent a battery of neuropsychologic tests. No significant difference in test performance between groups was found. There was no relation between the length of migraine history or(More)
Impedance cardiography has become of widespread interest as a noninvasive cardiovascular monitoring technique. This study compared the use of spot electrodes and two different types of band electrodes in the determination of systolic time intervals and stroke volume. EKG, impedance cardiogram, and phonocardiogram were recorded on 12 volunteers during rest,(More)