Jacob D Mcdonald

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Inhalation of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) at particle concentrations ranging from 0.3 to 5 mg/m3 did not result in significant lung inflammation or tissue damage, but caused systemic immune function alterations. C57BL/6 adult (10- to 12-week) male mice were exposed by whole-body inhalation to control air or 0.3, 1, or 5 mg/m3 respirable aggregates(More)
In this study, both endogenous and exogenous N(2)-hydroxymethyl-dG adducts in nasal DNA of rats exposed to 0.7, 2, 5.8, 9.1, or 15.2 ppm [(13)CD(2)] formaldehyde for 6 h were quantified by a highly sensitive nano-UPLC-MS/MS method. Our data clearly demonstrated that exogenous formaldehyde DNA adducts form in a highly nonlinear fashion, with a 21.7-fold(More)
Air pollution is positively associated with increased daily incidence of myocardial infarction and cardiovascular mortality. We hypothesize that air pollutants, primarily vapor phase organic compounds, cause an enhancement of coronary vascular constriction. Such events may predispose susceptible individuals to anginal symptoms and/or exacerbation of(More)
Increasing evidence links diverse forms of air pollution to neuroinflammation and neuropathology in both human and animal models, but the effects of long-term exposures are poorly understood. We explored the central nervous system consequences of subchronic exposure to diesel exhaust (DE) and addressed the minimum levels necessary to elicit(More)
Hardwood smoke is a contributor to both ambient and indoor air pollution. As part of a general health assessment of multiple anthropogenic source emissions conducted by the National Environmental Respiratory Center, a series of health assays was conducted on rodents exposed to environmentally relevant levels of hardwood smoke. This article summarizes the(More)
Emission samples for toxicity testing and detailed chemical characterization were collected from a variety of gasoline- and diesel-fueled in-use vehicles operated on the Unified Driving Cycle on a chassis dynamometer. Gasoline vehicles included normal particle mass (particulate matter [PM]) emitters (tested at 72 and 30 degrees F), "black" and "white"(More)
Mice develop pulmonary emphysema after chronic exposure to cigarette smoke (CS). In this study, the influence of gender, exposure duration, and concentration of CS on emphysema, pulmonary function, inflammation, markers of toxicity, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity was examined in A/J mice. Mice were exposed to CS at either 100 or 250 mg total(More)
Exposure atmospheres for a rodent inhalation toxicology study were generated from the exhaust of a 2000 Cummins ISB 5.9L diesel engine coupled to a dynamometer and operated on a slightly modified heavy-duty Federal Test Procedure cycle. Exposures were conducted to one clean air control and four diesel exhaust levels maintained at four different dilution(More)
Hardwood smoke (HWS) from wood burning stoves and fireplaces can be a significant contributor to the composition of ambient air pollution. We hypothesize that the inhalation of HWS by ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized mice with preexisting lung inflammation leads to the exacerbation of allergic airway responses. Two different models were employed to characterize(More)
The presence of endogenous and exogenous N(2)-hydroxymethyl-dG adducts in DNA from the nasal mucosa and bone marrow of cynomolgus macaques exposed to 1.9 and 6.1 ppm of [(13)CD(2)]-formaldehyde for 6 h a day for 2 consecutive days was investigated using a highly sensitive nano-UPLC-MS/MS method with a limit of detection of 20 amol. Both exogenous and(More)