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Progressive increases in cigarette tax rates provide a powerful contribution to policy for reducing cigarette consumption and generate extra government revenue. The policy has been most effective in groups for whom health publicity effects have been least so, but special provision may be necessary to avoid hardship to poor families.
OBJECTIVES We compared the efficacy and safety of alcohol septal ablation (ASA) for obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in young, middle-aged, and elderly patients. BACKGROUND Intersociety guidelines suggest based on limited evidence that young patients with medically refractory symptoms of obstructive HCM should undergo surgical myectomy while(More)
Britain still has amongst the highest mortality rates in the world for all the major smoking diseases. A third of all adults smoke cigarettes regularly and smoking causes one third of UK deaths in middle age. This paper discusses factors related to changes in smoking levels and concludes that without the intervention of government policies, smoking(More)
OBJECTIVES Recent policy emphasizing the role of primary care has increased the workload of general practitioners (GPs) while simultaneously placing nurse practitioners (NPs) as key providers in the delivery of health care. There is need to examine the latter's work practices. The purpose of this article is to explore the role and practice of NPs in general(More)
Salmonella spp. and Campylobacter spp. continue to be prominent food safety concerns for the poultry industry and consumers alike. Peracetic acid (PAA) has been approved as an antimicrobial for use in poultry chillers. To validate its effectiveness, 100 poultry carcasses (per replication x 2) were inoculated with Salmonella (10(6) cfu) or Campylobacter(More)
BACKGROUND Fractional flow reserve (FFR), the hyperemic ratio of distal (Pd) to proximal (Pa) coronary pressure, is used to identify the need for coronary revascularization. Changes in left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) might affect measurements of FFR. METHODS AND MATERIALS LVEDP was recorded simultaneously with Pd and Pa during conventional(More)
Atherosclerosis has been shown to develop preferentially at sites of coronary bifurcation, yet culprit lesions resulting in ST-elevation myocardial infarction do not occur more frequently at these sites. We hypothesized that these findings can be explained by similarities in intracoronary lipid and that lipid and lipid core plaque would be found with(More)
Bare metal stents have a proven safety record, but limited long-term efficacy due to in-stent restenosis. First-generation drug-eluting stents successfully countered the restenosis rate, but were hampered by concerns about their long-term safety. Second generation drug-eluting stents have combined the low restenosis rate of the first generation with(More)
This study investigated effects of light intensity and photoperiod on live and processing performance and physiological stress of broilers. One hundred broilers were housed in each of 12 rooms, provided 23L:1D with 3 footcandles (FC) of intensity to 8 d, and then subjected to the following treatments in a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement: either 1 FC (1FC) or(More)
PURPOSE To assess the efficacy of coronary computed tomographic (CT) angiography for therapeutic decision making in patients with high likelihood of coronary artery disease (CAD)-specifically the ability of coronary CT angiography to help differentiate patients without and patients with a need for revascularization and determine the appropriate(More)