Learn More
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus and heart failure frequently coexist. However, few diabetes mellitus trials have prospectively evaluated and adjudicated heart failure as an end point. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 16 492 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and a history of, or at risk of, cardiovascular events were randomized to saxagliptin or placebo(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to examine the prevalence and predictors of influenza vaccination among participants in the PARADIGM-HF (Prospective Comparison of ARNI with ACEI to Determine Impact on Global Mortality and Morbidity in Heart Failure) study and investigate associations between receiving influenza vaccine and cardiovascular death or heart failure(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS SAVOR-TIMI 53 was designed to study the effects of the DPP-4 inhibitor saxagliptin on cardiovascular outcomes in high risk type 2 diabetes patients with diverse levels of diabetes control and background anti-diabetic drugs. The goal of this article is to describe the baseline characteristics of this hypothesis driven study. MATERIALS(More)
OBJECTIVES Saxagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitor, improves glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) by increasing endogenous active, intact glucagon-like peptide 1 and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide in response to food, which augments insulin secretion and decreases glucagon release. RESEARCH DESIGN AND(More)
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are at 2 to 4 times increased risk of cardiovascular events compared with those without diabetes, both among patients with multiple risk factors only and those with established atherothrombosis. In this review, we provide recommendations for the use of statins and aspirin for the prevention of cardiovascular events in(More)
BACKGROUND There is concern that antidiabetic incretin-based drugs, including dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) analogues, can increase the risk of heart failure. Ongoing clinical trials may not have large enough samples to effectively address this issue. METHODS We applied a common protocol in the analysis of(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of the study was to investigate whether fertility therapy might contribute to subsequent cardiovascular disease. BACKGROUND Fertility medications are used for 1% of births yet may also lead to endothelial injury with long-term adverse consequences for the mother. METHODS A population-based cohort analysis was performed of women(More)
CONTEXT Among adult patients with liver disease, the ability to identify those most likely to have cirrhosis noninvasively is challenging. OBJECTIVE To identify simple clinical indicators that can exclude or detect cirrhosis in adults with known or suspected liver disease. DATA SOURCES We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE (1966 to December 2011) and reference(More)
BACKGROUND Living alone, a proxy for social support, has been inconsistently linked with cardiovascular risk. METHODS We investigated whether living alone was associated with increased mortality and cardiovascular risk in the global REduction of Atherothrombosis for Continued Health (REACH) Registry. Stable outpatients at risk of or with atherothrombosis(More)
UNLABELLED Decreasing HRT use among postmenopausal women may have a reciprocal impact on other osteoporosis therapy. Time series analysis of prescribing trends for millions of Medicaid beneficiaries revealed a 57% decline in HRT without augmenting the pace of bisphosphonate use. Prescribing changes dramatically increased Medicaid spending on osteoporosis(More)