Jaclyn Megan Sions

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STUDY DESIGN Intraexaminer and interexaminer, within- and between-day reliability study. OBJECTIVES To compare the intraexaminer and interexaminer procedural reliability of ultrasound imaging (USI) thickness measurements of the lumbar multifidus muscle at rest and during a contralateral lower-limb lift (CLL) between older (60-85 years of age) and younger(More)
Independently, aging and stroke each have a significant negative impact on skeletal muscle, but the potential cumulative effects of aging and stroke have not been explored. Optimal interventions for individuals post stroke may include those that specifically target skeletal muscle. Addressing changes in muscles may minimize activity limitations and enhance(More)
BACKGROUND Although fear-avoidance beliefs (FABs) have been explored in younger adults and Spanish older adults, their relationships to measures of low back pain (LBP)-related disability, overall physical health, and falling have not been investigated in older American adults. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine the association of FABs with(More)
Objective To explore potential differences in lumbar mobility between older adults with and without chronic low back pain, and to determine if lumbar mobility contributes to physical performance in both groups. We hypothesized that older adults with pain would have greater lumbar mobility impairments than pain-free peers, and that lumbar mobility would be(More)
Previous studies in older adults have identified that chronic low back pain (CLBP) is associated with slower gait speed. Given that slower gait speed is a predictor of greater morbidity and mortality among older adults, it is important to understand the underlying spatiotemporal characteristics of gait among older adults with CLBP. The purposes of this(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the feasibility of a trial to evaluate a trunk muscle training program augmented with neuromuscular electrical stimulation (TMT+NMES) for the rehabilitation of older adults with chronic low back pain (LBP) and to preliminarily investigate whether TMT+NMES could improve physical function and pain compared with a passive control(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Ultrasound imaging (USI) has been shown to be a reliable measure for direct assessment of the lumbar multifidi among younger adults. However, given age- and chronic low back pain (CLBP)-related spinal changes, similar studies are needed before clinical use of USI among older adults with CLBP. The goals of this study were to evaluate(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Ultrasound (US) imaging may be a cost-conscious alternative to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which is the criterion standard for muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) assessment. Within the trunk, when compared with MRI, US has been shown to be valid for assessing lumbar multifidi CSA in younger, asymptomatic individuals. To date,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether multifidi size, intramuscular fat, or both, are associated with self-reported and performance-based physical function in older adults with and without chronic low back pain (LBP). DESIGN Case-control study. SETTING Individuals participated in a standardized evaluation in a clinical laboratory and underwent magnetic(More)
Objective Back stiffness is a common complaint among older adults with low back pain. Nonetheless, self-reported back stiffness has received little exploration in this patient population. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations of self-reported low back stiffness with physical health and low back pain-related disability among older adults(More)