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Vanilloid (capsaicin) receptors were visualized by [3H]resiniferatoxin (RTX) autoradiography in the brain of newborn as well as adult (both control and colchicine-treated) rats. Specific labelling was seen in the brain stem only, in the nucleus of the solitary tract extending into the area postrema and the spinal sensory nucleus of the trigeminal nerve.(More)
Using immunohistochemistry evidence was obtained for the coexistence of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)- and substance P (SP)-like immunoreactivity in spinal sensory neurons. Analysis of caudally directed biting and scratching (CBS) behavior was carried out after intrathecal administration of CGRP and SP alone or in combination. Thus, SP (up to 20(More)
The presence of calcitonin-gene related peptide (CGRP)-like immunoreactivity (-LI) in sensory neurons was established by immunohistochemistry and radioimmunoassay (RIA) in combination with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). CGRP-immunoreactive (-IR) nerve fibres were present in many peripheral organs including heart, ureter, uterus and gall(More)
The presence of nitric oxide (NO) in the exhaled air of humans has recently been described. We wanted to assess at what level exhaled NO originates in normal airways, and to determine whether airway inflammation induces changes in the levels of exhaled NO. Exhaled NO was continuously measured by chemiluminescence technique during normal tidal breathing(More)
Pharmacological and physiological aspects for neuropeptide Y (NPY) and noradrenaline (NA) cotransmission have been studied in the peripheral sympathetic nervous control of blood vessels, heart, spleen and vas deferens. NPY coexists with NA in large dense cored vesicles and is released compared to NA mainly upon high frequency stimulation or strong reflex(More)
By a combination of the indirect immunofluorescence technique with acetylcholinesterase (acetylcholine acetylhydrolase, EC staining, it was shown that vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) is present in cholinergic (acetylcholinesterase-rich) neurons involved in control of secretion and vasodilation in exocrine glands of cat. The submandibular(More)
Using a highly specific radioimmunoassay for neuropeptide Y (NPY), levels in the peripheral nervous system of guinea-pig, cat, pig and man were measured. In all species very high levels (up to 800 pmol X g-1) were found in sympathetic ganglia and in tissues which receive a dense sympathetic innervation, such as vas deferens, heart atrium, blood vessels and(More)