Jaclyn Layne Cox

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The development of a 10-item self-report scale (EPDS) to screen for Postnatal Depression in the community is described. After extensive pilot interviews a validation study was carried out on 84 mothers using the Research Diagnostic Criteria for depressive illness obtained from Goldberg's Standardised Psychiatric Interview. The EPDS was found to have(More)
This paper reports the validation of the EPDS against a Research Diagnostic Criteria diagnosis of Major and Minor depression. The EPDS was administered to non-postnatal women with older children (mean age of youngest child 3 years 9 months) and to postnatal women (baby aged 6 months). All who scored 9 or above and one third of low scorers were interviewed,(More)
In a two-stage screening procedure using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and Goldberg's Standardised Psychiatric Interview, 232 women six months after delivery were compared with control women individually matched for age, marital status and number of children, obtained from general practitioner lists, who were not pregnant nor had had a baby in(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether counselling by health visitors is helpful in managing postnatal depression. DESIGN Controlled, random order trial. SETTING Health centres in Edinburgh and Livingston. PATIENTS Sixty women identified as depressed by screening at six weeks post partum and by psychiatric interview at about 13 weeks post partum. Five women(More)
The objective of the study was to establish the frequency of depression during pregnancy and the puerperium, and its relationship to marital disharmony and sociodemographic variables. A prospective longitudinal study was carried out in a district general hospital in the West Midlands, UK. The cohort consisted of 417 women booked for confinement at the(More)
A sample of 113 women has been recruited for the Italian validation of Edinburgh Post Natal Depression Scale (EPDS). These women, between the eighth and the twelfth week after delivery, were admnistered the EPDS and diagnosed according the DSM-III-R criteria using the MINI Interview. At the 8/9 cut-off score the sensitivity is 94.4%, specificity 87.4% and(More)
A representative sample of 105 women were assessed by Goldberg's Standardised Psychiatric Interview (SPI) on two occasions during pregnancy and twice more in the puerperium. Total SPI scores increased significantly after childbirth. Thirteen of the sample had a severe postnatal depression and a further 17 women had milder depression, which in 15 lasted at(More)
BACKGROUND Postnatal depression seems to be a universal condition with similar rates in different countries. However, anthropologists question the cross-cultural equivalence of depression, particularly at a life stage so influenced by cultural factors. AIMS To develop a qualitative method to explore whether postnatal depression is universally recognised,(More)
  • J L Cox
  • The British journal of psychiatry : the journal…
  • 1979
Two hundred and sixty three pregnant Ugandan women and 89 non-pregnant, non-puerperal women were interviewed using a semi-structured psychiatric questionnaire. Comparison of psychiatric morbidity between the control group and matched pregnant women showed an increased frequency of psychiatric morbidity in pregnant women. Separated pregnant women were(More)
Eighty one women were asked to rate their mood on a set of 6 visual analogue scales every day for the first 3 weeks after childbirth. The 6 scales were concerned with happiness, depression, tears, anxiety, irritability and lability. Ratings on the depression, tears and lability scales rose to a sharp peak on the 5th post partum day and declined steadily(More)