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BACKGROUND BRAF mutations occur in 5% to 11% of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) and have been associated with poor prognosis. The current study was undertaken to determine the clinicopathologic characteristics, PIK3CA (phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase, catalytic subunit alpha) mutation frequency, and outcomes after(More)
PURPOSE Tumor screening for Lynch syndrome is recommended in all or most patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). In metastatic CRC, sequencing of RAS/BRAF is necessary to guide clinical management. We hypothesized that a next-generation sequencing (NGS) panel that identifies RAS/BRAF and other actionable mutations could also reliably identify tumors with DNA(More)
The identification of specific genetic alterations as key oncogenic drivers and the development of targeted therapies are together transforming clinical oncology and creating a pressing need for increased breadth and throughput of clinical genotyping. Next-generation sequencing assays allow the efficient and unbiased detection of clinically actionable(More)
Telangiectatic hepatocellular adenoma is a rare, recently recognized subtype of hepatocellular adenoma that is often underrecognized by pathologists. We report a case of hepatocellular carcinoma arising within a pigmented telangiectatic hepatocellular adenoma in a noncirrhotic man with diffuse glutamine synthetase and nuclear β-catenin positivity. This case(More)
Diagnoses of prostatic carcinoma (PC) have increased with widespread screening. While the use of α-methylacyl coA racemase and high molecular weight cytokeratins have aided in distinguishing benign mimics from malignancy, their sensitivity and specificity are limited. We studied 6C4, a monoclonal antibody to glutamate receptor 2, an excitatory amino acid(More)
Among gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) of 10-15% are negative for KIT and PDGFRA, and most of these cases are SDH deficient. Recent studies have provided data on additional molecular alterations such as KRAS in KIT mutant GISTs. We aimed to assess the frequency and spectrum of somatic mutations in common oncogenes as well as copy number variations in(More)
Amplification of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2/neu (HER2/neu) gene and overexpression of the HER2 protein (HER2) have been shown to occur in gastric and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma in a number of studies. With a dismal survival rate, patients with these cancers stand to benefit from the identification of possible molecular(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of other primary neoplasms in gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) patients is relatively high. Our aim was to better characterize the clinicopathologic and molecular relationships in a cohort of GIST patients. METHODS All GIST patients with tumor samples sent for molecular testing were identified via electronic medical records.(More)
Promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger is a zinc finger transcription factor that functions as a transcriptional repressor. Its expression has been shown to be down-regulated in hematopoietic, melanocytic, and mesothelial malignancies. Histone H1.5 is a variant of histone H1, a family of linker proteins that organizes chromosomes into higher order structures.(More)
The biological relevance of histological subtyping of ampullary carcinoma into intestinal vs pancreaticobiliary types remains to be determined. In an effort to molecularly profile these subtypes of ampullary carcinomas, we conducted a two-phase study. In the discovery phase, we identified 18 pancreatobiliary-type ampullary carcinomas and 14 intestinal-type(More)