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To better understand the importance of drug-metabolizing enzymes in carcinogenesis and anticancer drug sensitivity of human non-small cell lung cancer, we studied the main drug-metabolizing enzyme systems in both lung tumors and their corresponding nontumoral lung tissues in 12 patients. The following enzymes were assayed by Western blot analysis:(More)
In an attempt to better understand breast tumors sensitivity or resistance to anticancer drugs, the main drug-metabolizing enzyme systems were evaluated in both breast tumors and their corresponding peritumoral tissues in 12 patients. The following enzymes were assayed by Western blot: cytochromes P-450 (1A1/A2, 2B1/B2, 2C8-10, 2E1, 3A4); glutathione(More)
The anti-tumour activity of CPT-11, a topoisomerase I inhibitor, was evaluated in four human neural-crest-derived paediatric tumour xenografts; one peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumour (pPNET) (SK-N-MC) and three neuroblastomas. Two models, SK-N-MC and IGR-N835, were established in athymic mice from a previously established in vitro cell line. Two(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the tumor accumulation of radiolabeled long-circulating poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-coated hexadecylcyanoacrylate nanospheres and non-PEG-coated hexadecylcyanoacrylate nanospheres (used as control), after intravenous injection in Fischer rats bearing intracerebrally well established 9L gliosarcoma. Both types of(More)
Treatment of malignant gliomas remains a major challenge in adults and children because of high treatment failure. The E1B 55 kDa-gene deleted adenovirus, ONYX-015 (ONYX Pharmaceuticals), was demonstrated to replicate selectively in and lyse tumor cells. Currently ongoing clinical trials of ONYX-015 in head and neck tumors are promising. Here, we(More)
Since human colorectal tumors are insensitive to most chemotherapeutic agents, there is a need for the discovery of new drugs that would show activity against this disease. In an attempt to better appreciate the relevance of a widely used mouse colon tumor (colon adenocarcinoma Co38) as a screening model for human colorectal tumors, we compared the main(More)
The anti-tumor activity of irinotecan (CPT-11), a DNA-topoisomerase 1 inhibitor, was evaluated in 5 advanced stage subcutaneous medulloblastoma xenografts in nude mice, using different schedules of administration. With a 5-day schedule, the highest i.v. dose tested (40 mg kg-1 day-1) induced complete regressions in all xenografts but 1, and delays in tumor(More)
CPT-11 (irinotecan) is a DNA-topoisomerase I inhibitor with preclinical activity against neuroblastoma (NB) xenografts. The aim was to establish in vivo an NB xenograft resistant to CPT-11 in order to study the resistance mechanisms acquired in a therapeutic setting. IGR-NB8 is an immature NB xenograft with MYCN amplification and 1p deletion, which is(More)
DNA-topoisomerase I is the nuclear target of new anticancer drugs, namely camptothecin and its derivatives. In order to establish the rational basis for their clinical development in paediatric oncology, the antitumour activity of irinotecan (CPT-11) and topotecan, two camptothecin water-soluble derivatives, was studied in nude mice bearing neuroblastoma(More)
Topoisomerase I inhibitors, such as CPT-11, are potent anticancer drugs against neuroblastoma (NB). Differentiating agents, such as retinoids, improve the survival of children with metastatic NB. To characterize the biological effects associated with exposure to CPT-11 in vivo, athymic mice bearing a human NB xenograft, named IGR-NB8 and characterized as an(More)