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OBJECTIVES Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), a technique capable of examining water diffusion in different tissues and the organisation of white matter tracts, was used to investigate the neuropathology of the corpus callosum in vivo in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS Diffusion tensor imaging was performed in 20 schizophrenic patients and 25 healthy(More)
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was used to investigate regional white matter in vivo in patients with schizophrenia. DTI is capable of providing information about the organization of white matter tracts and has only recently been used to study schizophrenia. In this study, a voxel based analysis of DTI maps in 14 patients and 19 controls did not reveal any(More)
OBJECTIVES This study is the first to use magnetisation transfer imaging (MTI), a technique sensitive to myelin and axonal abnormalities, to investigate the white matter in vivo in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS MTI was performed in 25 schizophrenic patients and 30 healthy controls. A region of interest (ROI) approach was used to obtain(More)
Deficits in executive function and the relationship to frontal lesion load as detected on MRI were investigated in 42 multiple sclerosis patients. A battery of neuropsychological test examining executive skills including computerized tests of planning and spatial working memory was administered to all subjects. Performance on these tests was impaired in the(More)
The authors investigated the thalamus in schizophrenia by using magnetization transfer ratio (MTR), a novel structural magnetic resonance technique sensitive to subtle neuropathological abnormalities. The dorsomedial nucleus (DMN) and pulvinar were selected because of their connections to limbic, prefrontal, and temporal regions, putatively relevant in(More)
Post-mortem and structural brain imaging studies in schizophrenia have reported macroscopic changes such as global and regional cortical volume reductions, but it has been more difficult to characterize the histopathological changes that underlie these abnormalities. Magnetization transfer imaging (MTI), a novel MRI technique, more sensitive to subtle or(More)
Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) was performed in a group of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and matched control subjects to examine the relationship between frontal lobe pathology and performance on tests of executive function. The N-acetyl aspartate/creatine ratio (NAA/Cr) was significantly reduced in frontal lesions and/or(More)
Functional neurological disorders are common, disabling and often difficult to treat. There is little consensus on the best approach to management. Multidisciplinary inpatient approaches are employed in some centres for patients with severe refractory symptoms, but their efficacy and, in particular, long-term outcomes are uncertain. We conducted a study(More)
Neuropsychological deficits and the relationship to brain pathology were examined in 13 primary progressive (PP) and 12 secondary progressive (SP) multiple sclerosis patients with a similar duration of the progressive phase and comparable physical disability. A battery of neuropsychological tests to assess attention, short-term and working memory was(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine cognitive and neurological changes and their relation to brain pathology in patients with multiple sclerosis during acute relapse. METHODS Thirteen patients with multiple sclerosis were examined with a battery of neuropsychological tests during acute relapse and six weeks later. Their performance was compared with the performance of(More)