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A purified bovine lung cGMP-binding cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase (cG-BPDE) was rapidly phosphorylated by purified bovine lung cGMP-dependent protein kinase (cGK). Within a physiological concentration range, cGK catalyzed phosphorylation of cG-BPDE at a rate approximately 10 times greater than did equimolar concentrations of purified catalytic subunit of(More)
To date, studies suggest that biological signaling by nitric oxide (NO) is primarily mediated by cGMP, which is synthesized by NO-activated guanylyl cyclases and broken down by cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs). Effects of cGMP occur through three main groups of cellular targets: cGMP-dependent protein kinases (PKGs), cGMP-gated cation channels,(More)
A bovine lung cGMP-binding phosphodiesterase (cG-BPDE) was purified to homogeneity and exhibited specific cGMP hydrolytic (Km = 5.6 microM) and cGMP binding (half-maximum approximately 0.2 microM) activities which comigrated throughout the purification. A chimeric structure was suggested for cG-BPDE since DEAE chromatography of a partial alpha-chymotryptic(More)
Intracellular cAMP and cGMP levels are increased in response to a variety of hormonal and chemical stimuli; these nucleotides play key roles as second messenger signals in modulating myriad physiological processes. The cAMP-dependent protein kinase and cGMP-dependent protein kinase are major intracellular receptors for these nucleotides, and the actions of(More)
In addition to its cGMP-selective catalytic site, cGMP-binding cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase (PDE5) contains two allosteric cGMP-binding sites and at least one phosphorylation site (Ser92) on each subunit [Thomas, M.K., Francis, S.H. & Corbin, J.D. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 14971-14978]. In the present study, prior incubation of recombinant bovine PDE5(More)
Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) comprise a superfamily of metallophosphohydrolases that specifically cleave the 3',5'-cyclic phosphate moiety of cAMP and/or cGMP to produce the corresponding 5'-nucleotide. PDEs are critical determinants for modulation of cellular levels of cAMP and/or cGMP by many stimuli. Eleven families of PDEs with varying(More)
In crude extracts of adipose tissue the protein kinase dissociates slowly at 30 degrees into regulatory and catalytic subunits in the presence of 700 mug per ml of histone or 0.5 M NaCl. If the kinase is first dissociated by adding 10 muM adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate (cAMP), reassociation occurs instantaneously after removal of the cAMP by Sephadex G-25(More)