Jackeline C. Romero

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To assess the reliability of electron beam computed tomography (EBCT), measurements of single-kidney renal blood flow (RBF), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and intratubular contrast medium concentration (ITC) of radiographic contrast media were quantified in anesthetized pigs before and after acetylcholine-induced vasodilation and diuresis. EBCT(More)
To analyze the potential mediator(s) involved in flow-induced endothelium-dependent vasodilation, we measured the wall tension of intraluminally perfused canine femoral artery segments and compared the content of 6-ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha (determined by radioimmunoassay) and the relaxing activity of the effluent (determined by bioassay on canine coronary(More)
The dose-dependent effects of intravenous infusions of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis inhibitor, NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME; 0.1, 1, 10, and 50 micrograms.kg-1.min-1), were studied in anesthetized rats to determine whether the inhibitory actions of L-NAME are manifested primarily in alterations of renal function or whether they are the(More)
The administration of two different doses of indomethacin, 9 and 18 mg/kg, to two different groups of rabbits was followed 6 h later by a significant decrease in plasma renin activity, and these levels were not increased by hemorrhage. The administration of 2 mg/kg of indomethacin did not alter the basal levels of plasma renin activity, but it was effective(More)
Intrarenal hemodynamics and excretory function distal to renal artery stenosis are difficult to quantify noninvasively. In this study, a swine model of chronic unilateral renal artery stenosis, achieved by implantation of an intravascular device that leads to a gradual and progressive luminal area narrowing, was developed and evaluated. Bilateral cortical(More)
In this review, we examine the possibility that small increments in angiotensin II are responsible for an increase in blood pressure and maintenance of hypertension through the stimulation of oxidative stress. A low dose of angiotensin II (2 to 10 ng x kg(-1) x min(-1), which does not elicit an immediate pressor response), when given for 7 to 30 days by(More)
The objective of the present study was to determine the role of endothelium-derived nitric oxide in mediating the renal response to extracellular volume expansion with isotonic saline (5% body weight). In anesthetized dogs (n = 7) and before volume expansion, nitric oxide synthesis was inhibited in the right kidney by continuous intrarenal infusion of(More)
Current microscopic methods to view renal microvasculature reveal only a very limited portion of the total renal volume. Identification of connectivity for postglomerular vessels in the cortex and the medulla during functional states related to changes in sodium excretion will help better to understand the coupling of renal vasculature to tubular function.(More)
Renal glomeruli were isolated from rat kidneys using a passive mechanical sieving technique. Suspensions of 40-50 mg glomeruli were placed in glass chambers and superfused by a modified Krebs-Ringer solution. Effluent collections of 10-min fractions were measured for renin or prostaglandin (PG) E2 concentration using radioimmunoassays. The perfusate was(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate in conscious dogs the long-term effects of nitric oxide synthesis inhibition on glomerular filtration rate, sodium and water excretion, and plasma levels of renin and aldosterone. After a control period of 3 days, an inhibitor of endothelium-derived nitric oxide synthesis, NG-nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester, was(More)