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An ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) preparation was developed that is small enough to migrate across the capillary wall, a prerequisite in the design of targetable particulate pharmaceuticals. Seventy percent of particles were smaller than 10 nm; 26%, smaller than 5 nm. The blood half-life of USPIO in rats was 81 minutes, considerably longer(More)
Follow-up of 13 patients who underwent radiologically guided percutaneous needle aspiration of simple liver cysts revealed cyst recurrence in all patients within 2 years. While still effective as a primary diagnostic maneuver, percutaneous aspiration seems to lack permanent therapeutic benefit. However, it may be used as a therapeutic trial to confirm the(More)
Superparamagnetic iron oxide (ferrite) particles were evaluated as a contrast agent for magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. In this pilot study, doses ranging from 10 to 50 mumol/kg were administered intravenously to 15 patients. Ferrite-enhanced images of the liver obtained with standard pulse sequence techniques significantly increased the number of hepatic(More)
Thirteen patients with biopsy proven hepatic lymphoma (2 Hodgkin, 11 Non-Hodgkin) and a control group of 15 patients with hepatic metastases were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively by MRI. Focal hepatic lymphoma was most reliably detected (eight of eight patients) and appeared hypointense relative to liver on T1 weighted (CNR - 7.4 +/- 2.3) and(More)
Computed tomography demonstrates intestinal wall abnormalities that can be analyzed by categorizing attenuation changes in the intestinal wall and transposing morphologic characteristics learned from barium studies. These attenuation patterns include white, gray, water halo sign, fat halo sign, and black. The white pattern represents avid contrast material(More)
A rat tumor model was used to evaluate the ability of ferrite-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to demonstrate hepatic metastases smaller than 1 cm. Twenty-eight rat livers were inoculated with 5 X 10(5) mammary carcinoma cells and imaged with a 0.6-T MR system. Non-enhanced and ferrite-enhanced images were analyzed and correlated with autopsy(More)
OBJECTIVE Stratification with a fat layer in the intestinal wall is thought to be a reliable marker for inflammatory bowel disease. We evaluated the presence and frequency of the bowel wall fat halo sign in patients undergoing abdominal CT for clinical indications unrelated to the gastrointestinal tract. MATERIALS AND METHODS We performed a retrospective(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effect of three-dimensional, wavelet-based compression on the detection of focal hepatic lesions at computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS CT images obtained in 69 patients with focal hepatic lesions were studied (35 consecutive cases and 34 cases selected to be difficult on the basis of lesion size or contrast). Image(More)
An ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) preparation was evaluated as a potential intravenous contrast agent for lymph nodes. Relaxation time measurements and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging were performed in rats with normal lymph nodes and in rats with lymph node metastases. In normal animals, lymph node relaxation times decreased maximally(More)
MR features of 153 proved primary liver tumors (95 malignant, 58 benign) in 55 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (21), cholangiocarcinoma (seven), carcinosarcoma (one), hepatoblastoma (one), hemangioma (16), hepatic adenoma (four), focal nodular hyperplasia (three), leiomyoma (one), and hemangioendothelioma (one) were studied retrospectively to(More)