Jack S. Hale

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Using GFP to mark recent thymic emigrants (RTEs) in mice carrying a GFP transgene driven by the recombination-activating gene 2 promoter, we demonstrate that RTEs are readily detectable even in 2-year-old mice, despite the fact that the proportion of the peripheral T cell pool comprised of RTEs declines with age. Although the number of RTEs decreases after(More)
Most yeast ribosomal protein genes are duplicated and their characterization has led to hypotheses regarding the existence of specialized ribosomes with different subunit composition or specifically-tailored functions. In yeast, ribosomal protein genes are generally duplicated and evidence has emerged that paralogs might have specific roles. Unlike yeast,(More)
T-cell receptor (TCR) revision is a process of tolerance induction by which peripheral T cells lose surface expression of an autoreactive TCR, reinduce expression of the recombinase machinery, rearrange genes encoding extrathymically generated TCRs for antigen, and express these new receptors on the cell surface. We discuss the evidence for this(More)
The thymus has long been known as the generative organ for the T-cell arm of the immune system. To perform this role, the thymus was thought to require protection from antigenic and cellular insult from the 'outside world', with the notable exception of the continual influx of progenitor cells required to initiate the complicated process of T-cell(More)
CD4(+)Vβ5(+) peripheral T cells in C57BL/6 mice respond to encounter with a peripherally expressed endogenous superantigen by undergoing either deletion or TCR revision. In this latter process, cells lose surface Vβ5 expression and undergo RAG-dependent rearrangement of endogenous TCRβ genes, driving surface expression of novel TCRs. Although postrevision(More)
Mature CD4(+)Vbeta5(+) T cells that recognize a peripherally expressed endogenous superantigen are tolerized either by deletion or TCR revision. In Vbeta5 transgenic mice, this latter tolerance pathway results in the appearance of CD4(+)Vbeta5(-)TCRbeta(+) T cells, coinciding with Rag1, Rag2, and TdT expression and the accumulation of V(beta)-DJ(beta)(More)
TCR revision is a tolerance mechanism by which self-reactive TCRs expressed by mature CD4(+) peripheral T cells are replaced by receptors encoded by genes generated by post-thymic DNA rearrangement. The downmodulation of surface TCR expression initiates TCR revision, and serves as a likely trigger for the induction of the recombinase machinery. We show here(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the LMNA gene, which encodes all A-type lamins, result in a variety of human diseases termed laminopathies. Lmna(-/-) mice appear normal at birth but become runted as early as 2 weeks of age and develop multiple tissue defects that mimic some aspects of human laminopathies. Lmna(-/-) mice also display smaller spleens and thymuses. In(More)
Peripheral CD4(+)Vβ5(+) T cells are tolerized to an endogenous mouse mammary tumor virus superantigen either by deletion or TCR revision. Through TCR revision, RAG reexpression mediates extrathymic TCRβ rearrangement and results in a population of postrevision CD4(+)Vβ5(-) T cells expressing revised TCRβ chains. We have hypothesized that cell death pathways(More)