Jack R. Scott

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The transmissible neurodegenerative diseases, of which scrapie is the archetype, are caused by unconventional infectious agents. Prion protein (PrP), a widespread host coded, cell surface sialoglycoprotein, is thought to be an essential or, controversially, sole component of these agents. During infection, disease specific accumulations of PrP may be(More)
The ultrastructural neuropathology of mice experimentally inoculated with brain tissue of nyala (Tragelaphus angasi; subfamily Bovinae), or kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros; subfamily Bovinae) affected with spongiform encephalopathy was compared with that of mice inoculated with brain tissue from cows (Bos taurus: subfamily Bovinae) with bovine spongiform(More)
An originally heretical proposition that the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are caused by a host-coded protein (the prion hypothesis) is now current dogma. Indeed these disorders are commonly called prion diseases but the prion hypothesis provides no readily acceptable explanation for the source of the informational component of the agent(More)
Monoclonal antibodies, flow cytometry and routine haematological techniques were used to analyse circulating leucocyte populations in trypanotolerant (N'Dama) and trypanosusceptible (Boran) cattle following a homologous rechallenge with Trypanosoma congolense clone IL13-E3. The N'Damas developed a low, transient parasitaemia and did not develop anaemia. The(More)
A panel of monoclonal antibodies (MoAb) with specificities for bovine leucocyte subsets were used in conjunction with routine haematological procedures to analyse sequential changes in peripheral blood leucocyte populations during the course of tsetse fly-transmitted Trypanosoma congolense infection in trypanotolerant N'Dama and trypanosusceptible Boran(More)
The susceptibility of N'Dama cattle (Bos taurus) to four consecutive infections with different tsetse-transmitted clones of Trypanosoma congolense was compared with that of Borans (Bos indicus). All animals were aged 13 months at the start of the study and had been born and raised free from trypanosomiasis under the same management and nutritional(More)
Eight trypanotolerant N'Dama cattle controlled an infection of Trypanosoma congolense ILNat 3.1 transmitted by Glossina morsitans centralis, more efficiently than a group of similarly infected trypanosusceptible Boran cattle. All eight N'Damas maintained their PCV above 15% throughout the primary infection whereas the PCV of six of the eight Borans dropped(More)
Prion protein (PrP) is an abundant membrane-associated host protein which accumulates in abnormal, relatively protease-resistant forms in the brains of animals with scrapie and related diseases. Using correlative light and electron microscopy we determined the sites of subcellular localisation of PrP in mice infected with the 87V strain of scrapie. Disease(More)
Ultrastructural examination of the superior colliculi of mice intraocularly inoculated with the ME7 strain of scrapie showed vacuolation early in the course of infection. Brains were examined between 85–260 days after monocular inoculation with scrapie. The mean incubation period for the development of clinical disease was 302 days. Vacuolation was seen(More)
PrP accumulation in the brains of mice infected with scrapie takes several different forms: amyloid plaques, widespread accumulation in neuropile, and perineuronal deposits. PrP is also sometimes detected within microglia and in or around astrocytes. There are dramatic and reproducible differences between scrapie strains in the relative prominence of these(More)