Jack R. Collins

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The DAVID Gene Functional Classification Tool http://david.abcc.ncifcrf.gov uses a novel agglomeration algorithm to condense a list of genes or associated biological terms into organized classes of related genes or biology, called biological modules. This organization is accomplished by mining the complex biological co-occurrences found in multiple sources(More)
We have used an ‘activated’ molecular dynamics approach to simulate flap opening in HIV-1 protease. An initial impulse for flap opening was provided by applying harmonic constraints to non-flap residues. After an initial ‘melting’ phase, the two β-hairpin structures that constitute the flaps opened to a 25 Å gap within 200 ps of simulation. Analysis of(More)
Microsatellites are abundant in vertebrate genomes, but their sequence representation and length distributions vary greatly within each family of repeats (e.g., tetranucleotides). Biophysical studies of 82 synthetic single-stranded oligonucleotides comprising all tetra- and trinucleotide repeats revealed an inverse correlation between the stability of(More)
Interferon gamma (IFN-gamma), being the hallmark of the T-cell T(H)1 response, has been extensively studied with respect to its expression and regulation of immune function. This gene has been extensively characterized in many mammalian species, making it one of the most widely cloned immunoregulatory genes. Recently, the gene has been identified in avian(More)
Plasmodium falciparum is the major causative agent of malaria, a disease of worldwide importance. Resistance to current drugs such as chloroquine and mefloquine is spreading at an alarming rate, and our antimalarial armamentarium is almost depleted. The malarial parasite encodes two homologous aspartic proteases, plasmepsins I and II, which are essential(More)
Cathepsin D (EC is a lysosomal protease suspected to play important roles in protein catabolism, antigen processing, degenerative diseases, and breast cancer progression. Determination of the crystal structures of cathepsin D and a complex with pepstatin at 2.5 A resolution provides insights into inhibitor binding and lysosomal targeting for this(More)
The non-B DB, available at http://nonb.abcc.ncifcrf.gov, catalogs predicted non-B DNA-forming sequence motifs, including Z-DNA, G-quadruplex, A-phased repeats, inverted repeats, mirror repeats, direct repeats and their corresponding subsets: cruciforms, triplexes and slipped structures, in several genomes. Version 2.0 of the database revises and(More)
Although the capability of DNA to form a variety of non-canonical (non-B) structures has long been recognized, the overall significance of these alternate conformations in biology has only recently become accepted en masse. In order to provide access to genome-wide locations of these classes of predicted structures, we have developed non-B DB, a database(More)
This paper presents a new framework for simple, interactive volume exploration of biological datasets. We accomplish this by automatically creating dataset-specific transfer functions and utilizing them during direct volume rendering. The proposed method employs a K-Means++ clustering algorithm to classify a two-dimensional histogram created(More)
Human topoisomerase I (top1) is an important target for anti-cancer drugs, which include camptothecin (CPT) and its derivatives. To elucidate top1 inhibition in vitro, we made a series of duplex DNA substrates containing a deoxyadenosine stereospecifically modified by a covalent adduct of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) diol epoxide [Pommier, Y., et al. (2000) Proc.(More)