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BACKGROUND Inflammatory diseases of the heart, including myocarditis and cardiac transplant rejection, are important causes of morbidity and mortality in children. Although viral infection may be suspected in either of these clinical conditions, the definitive etiology is often difficult to ascertain. Furthermore, the histology is identical for both(More)
Restrictive cardiomyopathy is rare in childhood and little is known about the causes and outcome. This lack of information results in extrapolation of adult data to the care and management of children, who might require different treatment from that of adults. This study was undertaken retrospectively to evaluate the causes and natural history of(More)
Neurologic complications can add significant morbidity to otherwise successful orthotopic heart transplantations in children. Complications have been reported to occur in up to 50% of children undergoing heart transplantation. The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence and outcome of neurologic complications of heart transplantation in(More)
Clinical features of postpericardiotomy syndrome (PPS) occur in pediatric heart transplant recipients despite immunosuppression, which raises questions about the mechanism of PPS. We studied the clinical and immunologic characteristics of 15 pediatric heart transplant patients, ages 1.1 to 17.8 years (mean, 7.5 years); 7 had clinical evidence of PPS (PPS+),(More)
Postoperative cytomegalovirus prophylaxis with cytomegalovirus immunoglobulin or ganciclovir has decreased the incidence of cytomegalovirus disease in cytomegalovirus-negative recipients of cytomegalovirus-positive donor organs. In adults, these drugs have also been used to treat recipients who developed symptomatic cytomegalovirus disease. This report(More)
A nine-year-old girl had an episode of atrial flutter and a nonsustained wide QRS tachycardia during her initial hospitalization after orthotopic heart transplantation. Evaluation of her ECG and telemetric tracing revealed atrial flutter of the recipient atrium and sinus rhythm of the donor atrium. The wide QRS tachycardia was an accelerated ventricular(More)
OBJECTIVES This study examined perioperative and intermediate outcomes in pediatric cardiac transplant recipients who had elevated pulmonary vascular resistance indexes preoperatively. BACKGROUND Elevated pulmonary vascular resistance was associated with poor outcome in previous studies and constitutes a relative contraindication to transplantation. Few(More)
BACKGROUND Few reports document long-term results of pediatric cardiac transplantation in which triple therapy (cyclosporine, azathioprine, and corticosteroids) was the mainstay of immunosuppression. This report details a single center's pediatric transplant experience and analyzes the relative contributions of selected pre/posttransplant risk factors on(More)
Recent studies have reported the expanding use of transplantation as the definitive option for pediatric patients with inoperable congenital heart disease. This study compares perioperative risk factors and outcomes in pediatric patients who received heart transplants for congenital heart disease with those in pediatric patients who received heart(More)
Despite evolution to "higher-order" immunosuppressive agents that better control cell-mediated allograft rejection and, therefore, short- and intermediate-term survival, allograft vasculopathy and PTLD remain factors that limit extended graft survival. While improved basic science "bench" techniques have enabled investigation of their pathogenesis at the(More)