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Mutations in the gene for the transcription factor, Pax6, induce marked developmental abnormalities in the CNS and the eye, but the cellular mechanisms that underlie the phenotype are unknown. We have examined the adhesive properties of cells from the developing forebrain in Small eye, the Pax6 mutant mouse. We have found that the segregation normally(More)
We have generated a hybridoma cell line secreting a monoclonal antibody that specifically binds to the surfaces of oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells, the cells involved in myelin formation in the central and peripheral nervous systems, respectively. Binding studies using purified sphingolipids showed that this antibody reacts strongly with(More)
To gain insights into transcription factors defining neuronal identity, we generated transgenic mice carrying a 1.8 kb rat neuron-specific enolase (NSE) promoter fragment fused to an E. coli lacZ gene. Four of seven transgenic families expressed transgene RNA in the nervous system but not in most other tissues. Histochemical analysis of adult brain from the(More)
We have used a recombinant retrovirus carrying the lacZ gene to study the developmental potential of precursor cells from the embryonic rat cerebral cortex in dissociated cell culture. Virus was used to label a small number of cultured cells genetically so that their fate could be determined. Infected clones were detected with an anti-beta-galactosidase(More)
We have labelled precursor cells in the embryonic rat cerebral cortex using BAG, a retroviral vector that expresses beta-galactosidase. We had previously reported that labelled precursor cells generate clusters of labelled cells that could be classified into four types by their morphological appearance and anatomical distribution (Price and Thurlow, 1988).(More)
The ability to track stem cell transplants in the brain by in vivo neuroimaging will undoubtedly aid our understanding of how these cells mediate functional recovery after neural transplantation. One major challenge for the development and refinement of stem cell transplantation is to map the spatial distribution and rate of migration in situ. Here we(More)
Cell lineage studies of the rat cerebral cortex suggest that by midneurogenesis, most precursor cells of the ventricular zone are specified to produce a single cell type. Yet there is also evidence for multipotential precursor cells. We used a retroviral vector to follow the developmental potential of cortical precursor cells by labeling cortical cells in(More)
Preferential migration of stem cells toward the site of a lesion is a highly desirable property of stem cells that allows flexibility in the site of graft implantation in the damaged brain. In rats with unilateral stroke damage, neural stem cells transplanted into the contralateral hemisphere migrate across to the lesioned hemisphere and populate the area(More)
MAIN OBJECTIVES Stem cell transplantation is to date one of the most promising therapies for chronic ischemic stroke. The human conditionally immortalised neural stem cell line, CTX0E03, has demonstrable efficacy in a rodent model of stroke and is currently in clinical trials. Nonetheless, the mechanisms by which it promotes brain repair are not fully(More)
Stress and glucocorticoid hormones regulate hippocampal neurogenesis, but the molecular mechanisms mediating these effects are poorly understood. Here we identify the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) target gene, serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 1 (SGK1), as one such mechanism. Using a human hippocampal progenitor cell line, we found that a small(More)