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CONTEXT Atherosclerosis, the underlying cause of coronary heart disease, has been shown to be present even in young adults. OBJECTIVE To document the extent and severity of atherosclerosis in adolescents and young adults in the United States. DESIGN AND SETTING The Pathobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth Study, a multi-institutional(More)
Atherosclerosis begins in childhood as deposits of cholesterol and its esters, referred to as fatty streaks, in the intima of large muscular arteries. In some persons and at certain arterial sites, more lipid accumulates and is covered by a fibromuscular cap to form a fibrous plaque. Further changes in fibrous plaques render them vulnerable to rupture, an(More)
Increased levels of C-peptide, a cleavage product of proinsulin, circulate in patients with insulin resistance and early type 2 diabetes mellitus. Recent data suggest a potential causal role of C-peptide in atherogenesis by promoting monocyte and T-lymphocyte recruitment into the vessel wall. The present study examined the effect of C-peptide on vascular(More)
BACKGROUND This study examined whether atherosclerosis in young people is associated with the risk factors for clinical coronary heart disease (CHD). Methods and Results-Histological sections of left anterior descending coronary arteries (LADs) from 760 autopsied 15- to 34-year-old victims of accidents, homicides, and suicides were graded according to the(More)
Race and sex differences in aorta and coronary atherosclerotic lesions were studied in 150 persons aged 6 to 30 years. The intimal surface involvement with aorta fatty streaks was extensive, 0 to 71%, and greater in blacks than in whites (32 vs 20%, p less than 0.001). Coronary artery fatty streaks were more extensive in male than in female subjects (range(More)
Previous studies suggested that remodeling of connective tissue is important in progression of atherosclerosis. We investigated the importance of matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP13), in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis using 995 samples from the Pathobiological Determinants of Atherosclerosis in Youth collection in an association study. We identified two(More)
OBJECTIVE Increased levels of C-peptide, a cleavage product of proinsulin, circulate in patients with insulin resistance and early type 2 diabetes, a high-risk population for the development of a diffuse and extensive pattern of arteriosclerosis. This study tested the hypothesis that C-peptide might participate in atherogenesis in these patients. METHOD(More)
Investigators in eight communities collected aortas, right coronary arteries, blood and liver samples, and associated information from 872 young males, aged 15-34 years, who died of external causes. Pathologists graded the arteries for atherosclerotic lesions, and a central laboratory measured lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations. Apolipoprotein (apo) B(More)