Jack O. Phillips

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The development of new and refined separation techniques--including FACS, FFE, CFE and isopyknic gradients--has had a profound impact on the ability of investigators to isolate specific cell types from the liver. Although some of these techniques, such as FFE, may be of limited preparative value, they are nonetheless important analytical tools that detect(More)
The level of thymidylate synthetase (EC 2.1.1.45) and its activity have been measured in a series of human colorectal adenocarcinomas growing as xenografts in immune-deprived mice. Enzyme activity varied between 8.4 and 124 pmol per mg protein per hr; within each tumor line, this activity correlated with the capacity to bind [6-3H]5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine(More)
MicA is a small non-coding RNA that regulates ompA mRNA translation in Escherichia coli. MicA has an inhibitory function, base pairing to the translation initiation region of target mRNAs through short sequences of complementarity, blocking their ribosome-binding sites. The MicA structure contains two stem loops, which impede its interaction with target(More)
The expression of secretory component (SC), the epithelial receptor for polymeric Ig, was enhanced by the addition of human rIFN-gamma or rIL-4, as revealed by the binding of radiolabeled polymeric, J chain-containing IgA or anti-SC antisera to the human colonic adenocarcinoma epithelial cell line HT-29. In combination, these cytokines exhibited a(More)
We have previously demonstrated that tamoxifen inhibits the growth of human cholangiocarcinoma cells in culture and inhibits tumor growth when cells are injected into nude mice. However, the mechanism of action of tamoxifen remains unknown. Here we demonstrate that tamoxifen and trifluoperazine, both potent calmodulin antagonists, induce apoptosis in vitro,(More)
In comparison with normal individuals, sera of patients with alcoholic cirrhosis and other liver diseases had two to four times higher levels of immunoglobulin A and three to ten time higher levels of polymeric immunoglobulin A. The possible participation of the liver in the selective removal of polymeric immunoglobulin A from serum into bile was(More)
Cholangiocarcinoma represents a challenging primary malignancy of the liver with no effective medical therapy and a poor prognosis. We have investigated the role of tamoxifen and estrogen receptors (ERs) in the regulation of growth of human cholangiocarcinoma. Two human cholangiocarcinoma cell lines, OZ and SK-ChA-1, were grown in the presence of graded(More)
Both subclasses of human polymeric IgA (pIgA) were selectively transported from the serum into the bile of mice relative to human IgG or IgM. Removal of human pIgA from serum corresponded to the clearance kinetics shown for murine pIgA. The biliary pIgA was intact as determined by sucrose density gradient ultracentrifugation. This hepatic uptake was(More)