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In April 2004, one of the largest aflatoxicosis outbreaks occurred in rural Kenya, resulting in 317 cases and 125 deaths. Aflatoxin-contaminated homegrown maize was the source of the outbreak, but the extent of regional contamination and status of maize in commercial markets (market maize) were unknown. We conducted a cross-sectional survey to assess the(More)
BACKGROUND During the past decade, developing countries have received limited support for blood safety programmes. The Kenya Ministry of Health did a collaborative multicentre assessment to establish the risk of HIV transmission by transfusion in Kenya, to promote awareness of blood safety issues in this country with a mature HIV epidemic, and to identify(More)
A rapid immunobinding assay ('HIVCHEK', Ortho) and an agglutination assay ('Serodia-HIV', Fujirebio) were evaluated as an alternative to enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and western blot under field conditions in Africa for detection of antibody to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). 7106 specimens were tested at 25 laboratories in Kenya, Ghana,(More)
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