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The monoclonal antibody A2B5 recognizes antigens at the surface of neuronal and glial cells but also at the surface of thymus epithelia and pancreatic islet cells. Although these antigens have been characterized as polysialogangliosides, A2B5 also reacts with other unidentified gangliosides. In order to characterize further the epitope of A2B5, two new(More)
Young, middle aged and older Douglas fir needle primordia, as determined by distance from the apical meristem, were measured and analyzed to compare levels and patterns of emergence related to development time. Emergence was seen in the differently aged needle primordia, generally most noticeable in the oldest and the least apparent in the youngest. There(More)
Emergent properties derived from the integration among descriptive variables were explored in three related grass species, Achnatherum lemmonii, Achnatherum hendersonii and Achnatherum wallowaensis. Different levels of organization were compared: individuals, populations, species, species-pairs and all three species combined. Emergence was seen at all(More)
In our ongoing studies of emergent properties at different hierarchical levels in the grass tribe Stipeae, an additional species, Achnatherum occidentale, is included to broaden the comparison. The degree of emergence seen parallels that of previous studies, an increasing trend from populations to individuals and species to related groups of species. The(More)
A new argument that species are individuals has recently been presented based on the way species names are used and systemic logic. The alternate idea that species are a categorical item, i.e., collections of individuals, was rejected. We wanted to evaluate this approach by establishing concepts that apply to individuals in order to examine if they are also(More)
There are few statements made with greater assurance than that evolution has occurred. Regardless, anti-evolution beliefs persist in spite of arguments to the contrary and their methodological inconsistency. One reason for this persistence may be the absence of a theory that makes evolution inevitable. The inadequacy of natural selection to account for(More)
S OF PAPERS TO BE PRESENTED AT THE JOINT SESSIONS OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF PLANT TAXONOMISTS AND THE SYSTEMATICS SECTION OF THE BOTANICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA AT THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES MEETINGS, UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA, MINNEAPOLIS, 27 AUGUST-1 SEPTEMBER 1972 A d a m s , R o b e r t P . Colorado State University, Ft.(More)
Developmental variation in some Achnatherum species was evaluated for two kinds of groups, (1) species pairs that do or do not hybridize and (2) rare and common species. Variation was assessed in two different ways, one that captures developmental events expressed in an individual and one reflecting developmental events that are part of the information(More)
This investigation explores the relationship between increased energy levels and leaf morphology. It tests the idea that the causal agent of development is the dissipation of energy into transformed matter. The energy under which leaves developed was modified by increasing temperatures in grape cordons through wrapping them in clear plastic sleeves in the(More)