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Huntington's disease (HD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder caused by an expansion in the number of polyglutamine-encoding CAG repeats in the gene that encodes the huntingtin (htt) protein. A property of the mutant protein that is intimately involved in the development of the disease is the propensity of the glutamine-expanded protein to misfold(More)
Intracellular antibodies (intrabodies) provide an attractive means for manipulating intracellular protein function, both for research and potentially for therapy. A challenge in the isolation of effective intrabodies is the ability to find molecules that exhibit sufficient binding affinity and stability when expressed in the reducing environment of the(More)
UNLABELLED Human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2) is a well-established tumor biomarker that is overexpressed in a wide variety of cancers and that serves as a molecular target for therapeutic intervention. HER2 also serves as a prognostic indicator of patient survival and as a predictive marker of the response to antineoplastic therapy. The(More)
Misfolded neuronal proteins have been identified in a number of neurodegenerative disorders and have been implicated in the pathogenesis of diseases that include Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, prion-based dementia, Huntington's disease (HD), and other polyglutamine diseases. Although underlying mechanisms remain the subject of ongoing research,(More)
UNLABELLED Affibody molecules are a class of scaffold proteins being developed into a generalizable approach to targeting tumors. Many 3-helix-based Affibody proteins have shown excellent in vivo properties for tumor imaging and therapy. By truncating one alpha-helix that is not responsible for receptor recognition in the Affibody and maturating the protein(More)
Molecular imaging of human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2) expression has drawn significant attention because of the unique role of the HER2 gene in diagnosis, therapy and prognosis of human breast cancer. In our previous research, a novel cyclic 2-helix small protein, MUT-DS, was discovered as an anti-HER2 Affibody analog with high affinity(More)
In alphaT3-1 mouse anterior pituitary gonadotropes, chronic activation of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptors causes inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP(3)) receptor down-regulation (Willars, G. B., Royall, J. E., Nahorski, S. R., El-Gehani, F., Everest, H. and McArdle, C. A. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 3123-3129). In the current study, we sought(More)
INTRODUCTION The development of molecular probes based on novel engineered protein constructs is under active investigation due to the great potential of this generalizable strategy for imaging a variety of tumor targets. DISCUSSION In this report, human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2)-binding Affibody molecules were radiolabeled with(More)
Activation of certain phosphoinositidase-C-linked cell-surface receptors is known to cause an acceleration of the proteolysis of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate [Ins(1,4,5)P3] receptors and, thus, lead to Ins(1,4,5)P3-receptor down-regulation. In the current study we have sought to determine whether the ubiquitin/proteasome pathway is involved in this adaptive(More)
The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib is an emerging anticancer agent. Although the proteasome is clearly its locus of action, the early biochemical consequences of bortezomib treatment are poorly defined. Here, we show in cultured cells that bortezomib and other proteasome inhibitors rapidly inhibit free ubiquitin levels and ubiquitin thiolesterification to(More)