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The accumulation of aggregated alpha-synuclein is thought to contribute to the pathophysiology of Parkinson's disease, but the mechanism of toxicity is poorly understood. Recent studies suggest that aggregated proteins cause toxicity by inhibiting the ubiquitin-dependent proteasomal system. In the present study, we explore how alpha-synuclein interacts with(More)
Although there are many algorithms available in the literature aimed at segmentation and model reconstruction of 3D angiographic images, many are focused on characterizing only a part of the vascular network. This study is motivated by the recent emerging prospects of whole-organ simulations in coronary hemodynamics, autoregulation and tissue oxygen(More)
Ubiquitin is well established as a major modifier of signalling in eukaryotes. However, the extent to which plants rely on ubiquitin for regulating their lifecycle is only recently becoming apparent. This is underlined by the over-representation of genes encoding ubiquitin-metabolizing enzymes in Arabidopsis when compared with other model eukaryotes. The(More)
Diabetic retinopathy is a major cause of blindness. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy is a result of severe vascular complication and is visible as neovascularization of the retina. Automatic detection of such new vessels would be useful for the severity grading of diabetic retinopathy, and it is an important part of screening process to identify those who(More)
Galectin-1 and galectin-3, two β-galactoside-binding proteins, have been suggested to play a role in the development and progression of cancer. We have studied the expression of these molecules in normal human prostate tissue and prostate adenocarcinoma. Immunohistochemistry was used to examine formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded sections of seven normal(More)
Transient knock-down of the gap junction protein Cx43 by antisense and siRNA, or gap junction block with mimetic peptides, have been shown to enhance epidermal wound healing. However, patients with oculodentodigital dysplasia (ODDD) express mutant Cx43 that leads to a chronic reduction in gap junctional intercellular communication. To determine whether(More)
Parameter estimation from non-invasive measurements is a crucial step in patient-specific cardiac modeling. It also has the potential to provide significant assistance in the clinical diagnosis of cardiac diseases through the quantification of myocardial material heterogeneity. In this paper, we formulate a novel Reduced-order Unscented Kalman Filter (rUKF)(More)
There is a need for, and utility in, the acquisition of data sets of cardiac histoanatomy, with the vision of reconstructing individual hearts on the basis of noninvasive imaging, such as MRI, enriched by reference to detailed atlases of serial histology obtained from representative samples. These data sets would be useful not only as a repository of(More)
PURPOSE China is urbanizing rapidly, and the prevalence of myopia is high. This study was conducted to identify the reasons for observed differences in the prevalence of myopia among urban versus rural Chinese children. METHODS All children with uncorrected acuity of 6/12 or worse and a 50% random sample of children with vision better than 6/12 at all(More)
The Hodgkin-Huxley formalism for quantitative characterization of ionic channels is widely used in cellular electrophysiological models. Model parameters for these individual channels are determined from voltage clamp experiments and usually involve the assumption that inactivation process occurs on a time scale which is infinitely slow compared to the(More)