Learn More
BACKGROUND Multiple pathways contribute to accelerated coronary atherosclerosis in diabetics, including increased oxidative stress and inflammatory burden. Accordingly, the mechanisms of abnormal formation of reactive oxygen species and the changes in inflammatory gene expression were examined in diabetic coronary arteries. METHODS AND RESULTS In pigs(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory mediators that originate in vascular and extravascular tissues promote coronary lesion formation. Adipose tissue may function as an endocrine organ that contributes to an inflammatory burden in patients at risk of cardiovascular complications. In this study, we sought to compare expression of inflammatory mediators in epicardial and(More)
The selective non-peptide NK(1) receptor antagonist NKP608 has been shown to exert potent anxiolytic-like effects in the rat and gerbil social interaction tests. In vitro binding of NKP608 in cortical, striatal and rest-of-brain tissue samples from mice, rats and gerbils indicated comparable pIC(50) values for rats and mice (in all three tissues) and only(More)
In antibody-directed enzyme prodrug therapy, an enzyme conjugated to an antitumor antibody is given i.v. and localizes in the tumor. A prodrug is then given, which is converted to a cytotoxic drug selectively in the tumor. Ten patients with colorectal carcinoma expressing carcinoembryonic antigen received antibody-directed enzyme prodrug therapy with A5B7(More)
Antibody-directed enzyme prodrug therapy is a targeted therapy in which a prodrug is activated selectively at the tumour site by an enzyme, which has been targeted to the tumour by an antibody (antibody-enzyme conjugate). Previous clinical trials have shown evidence of tumour response, however, the activated drug had a long half-life, which resulted in(More)
BACKGROUND Recent findings suggesting the involvement of adventitial cells in coronary repair have raised questions regarding the phenotypic "plasticity" of medial smooth muscle cells (SMCs). Accordingly, the aims of the present study were to examine the characteristics of coronary medial and adventitial cells and to compare the responses of coronary and(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial salvage is often suboptimal after percutaneous coronary intervention in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Posthoc subgroup analysis from a previous trial (AMIHOT I) suggested that intracoronary delivery of supersaturated oxygen (SSO(2)) may reduce infarct size in patients with large ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction(More)
BACKGROUND Enoxaparin inhibits smooth muscle cell proliferation in experimental models. Intimal hyperplasia has been found to be the principal cause of restenosis after coronary stent implantation. We sought to determine whether the intramural delivery of enoxaparin before stenting of de novo lesions decreases restenosis. METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred(More)
BACKGROUND Reference genes are needed as internal controls to determine relative expression for clinical application of gene expression panels. Candidate constitutively expressed genes must be validated as suitable reference genes in each body fluid and disease entity. Prior studies have predominantly validated oral squamous cell carcinoma associated(More)