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The quantification of phase synchrony between neuronal signals is of crucial importance for the study of large-scale interactions in the brain. Two methods have been used to date in neuroscience, based on two distinct approaches which permit a direct estimation of the instantaneous phase of a signal [Phys. Rev. Lett. 81 (1998) 3291; Human Brain Mapping 8(More)
BACKGROUND The integration of EEG and fMRI is attractive because of their complementary precision regarding time and space. But the relationship between the indirect hemodynamic fMRI signal and the more direct EEG signal is uncertain. Event-related EEG responses can be analyzed in two different ways, reflecting two different kinds of brain activity: evoked,(More)
Analysis of combined event-related potentials (ERP) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) can provide a high temporal and high spatial resolution to study functional cerebral processes. However, EEG data recorded inside an MR scanner is heavily distorted by artifacts. It is important in cognitive studies to ensure that recorded data reflect the(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation is a noninvasive brain stimulation technique. It is based on current induction in the brain with a stimulation coil emitting a strong varying magnetic field. Its development is currently limited by the lack of accuracy and repeatability of manual coil positioning. A dedicated robotic system is proposed in this paper.(More)
Most brain functional connectivity methods in fMRI require a brain parcellation into functionally homogeneous regions. In this work we propose a novel parcellation approach based on a spatial hierarchical clustering, that provides clusters within a multi-level framework. The method has the advantage of producing several brain parcellations rather than a(More)
BACKGROUND During the last years, many investigations focused on spontaneously active cerebral networks such as the default-mode network. A data-driven technique, the independent component analysis, allows segregating such spontaneous (co-)activity maps (SAM) from noise in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) time series. The inter-rater reliability(More)
In this fMRI study, we looked for the regions supporting interaction between cortical arousal and attention during three conditions: detection, observation, and rest. Arousal measurements were obtained from the EEG low-frequency (LF) power (5-9.5 Hz) recorded continuously together with fMRI. Whatever the condition, arousal was positively correlated with the(More)
The guarantee of perceptual coherence for events through everyday life situations depends upon the capacity to correctly integrate series of multi-sensory experiences. Patients with schizophrenia have been shown to reveal a deficit in integrating, i.e., "binding", perceptual information together. However, results in the literature have also suggested the(More)
The disconnectivity hypothesis proposes that schizophrenia results from poor or miswired anatomical connections. Theoretically, its functional counterpart should be disintegration. Integration is thought to allow segregated neurons to interact as a coherent whole, referred to as the "core", while the non-interacting part of the brain is referred to as the(More)
BACKGROUND Aged patients (>50 years old) with residual schizophrenic symptoms differ from young patients. They represent a subpopulation with a more unfavorable Kraepelinian course and have an increased risk (up to 30%) for dementia of unknown origin. However, our current understanding of age-related brain changes in schizophrenia is derived from studies(More)