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Two patients with long-standing idiopathic chronic constipation, which responded only to large daily doses of laxatives and additional suppositories and enemas, were treated with the specific opioid antagonist, naloxone, on a single-blind crossover basis. Both patients responded to naloxone treatment, with increased passage of faeces and increased wet and(More)
Premenopausal female smokers show significantly increased estrogen 2-hydroxylation, which may account in part for the anti-estrogenic effects of cigarette smoking. We have measured five major urinary estrogens, including estradiol (E2), estrone (E1), 16 alpha-hydroxyestrone (16 alpha OHE1), estriol (E3), and 2-hydroxyestrone (2OHE1), in premenopausal female(More)
We investigated and contrasted midline cerebral structures in frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). FTD and AD may be difficult to distinguish clinically. FTD typically affects frontal and anterior temporal regions, whereas AD tends to involve more posterior temporal and parietal areas. We hypothesized that disease-specific cerebral(More)
The binding affinities for the catecholestrogen metabolites of estradiol and of their methyl ethers for the rat uterine cytosol estrogen receptors were examined. Similarly the binding of the fetal estradiol metabolite, 15alpha-hydroxyestriol (estertrol) was also measured. All of the catecholestrogens showed binding affinities far in excess of their(More)
Cytochrome P450 aromatase (aromatase), a product of the CYP19 gene, catalyzes the synthesis of estrogens from androgens. Given the significance of estrogen synthesis in hormone-dependent breast carcinogenesis, it is important to elucidate the mechanisms that regulate CYP19 expression. The main objective of this study was to define the interrelationship(More)
Infiltrating ductal carcinoma of the breast occurred in a total of six men from two families. In one family specimens from three men who had prophylactic mastectomies revealed focal intraductal hyperplasia, suggesting a familial tendency toward proliferation of mammary-duct epithelium. In the other family, benign and malignant breast lesions also developed(More)
We have examined the ability of various steroids to compete for high-affinity binding of 3H-labeled ligands to catecholamine receptors in membranes prepared from rat cerebral cortex, striatum, and anterior pituitary. Ligands employed were: [3H]WB4101, [3H]prazosin, [3H]yohimbine, and [3H]clonidine (alpha-noradrenergic); [3H]dihydroalprenolol(More)
he ability to measure air pollution and other chemically reactive trace gases in the lower atmosphere from satellites has a heritage dating back nearly three decades when the first measurements of carbon monoxide (CO) were made from the space shuttle Challenger in November 1981 (Reichle et al. 1986). Since then, numerous satellite-based instruments have(More)
Sex steroids convey information on the status of the reproductive system, which the brain is able to integrate to promote ovulation, in the form of the LH surge. The present studies examined the influence of alterations in central opioidergic tone to initiate the LH surge, and the roles of oestradiol and progesterone to effect changes in opioidergic tone,(More)
Review of the primary uses of satellite data for air quality applications. Background information on satellite capabilities for measuring pollutants. Summary of the resources available to data end-users. Answers provided to common questions in plain language. a b s t r a c t Satellite data of atmospheric pollutants are becoming more widely used in the(More)