Jack F. M. Wetzels

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Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) plays a key role in renal fibrosis. Urinary CTGF is elevated in various renal diseases and may have biomarker potential. However, it is unknown which processes contribute to elevated urinary CTGF levels. Thus far, urinary CTGF was considered to reflect renal expression. We investigated how tubular dysfunction affects(More)
BACKGROUND Hepcidin is an iron-regulatory peptide hormone that consists of 3 isoforms: bioactive hepcidin-25, and inactive hepcidin-22 and hepcidin-20. Hepcidin is instrumental in the diagnosis and monitoring of iron metabolism disorders, but reliable methods for its quantification in serum are sparse, as is knowledge of their relative analytical strengths(More)
To date, concentrations of the promising biomarker hepcidin have only been assessed in serum of relatively small series of healthy volunteers and patients. We assessed age- and sex-stratified reference ranges of serum hepcidin concentration in a selected reference set and performed regression analyses to study associations between hepcidin and (biochemical)(More)
UNLABELLED In most types of peptide receptor radionuclide therapy, the maximum activity dose that can be administered is limited by high and persistent renal retention of the radiolabeled peptides, which is, at least partly, mediated by the megalin receptor. Several agents that interfere with renal reabsorption of radiolabeled peptides have been identified(More)
BACKGROUND Hepcidin is a key regulator of iron homeostasis and levels are elevated in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Hepcidin may explain the often observed imbalance in iron metabolism in patients with CKD. We evaluated the influence of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on serum levels of hepcidin-25 and its isoforms in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND The development of atherosclerosis may be enhanced by iron accumulation in macrophages. Hepcidin-25 is a key regulator of iron homeostasis, which downregulates the cellular iron exporter ferroportin. In haemodialysis (HD) patients, hepcidin-25 levels are increased. Therefore, it is conceivable that hepcidin-25 is associated with all-cause(More)
BACKGROUND Urine proteomics is one of the key emerging technologies to discover new biomarkers for renal disease, which may be used in the early diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of patients. In the present study, we validated surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF MS) for biomarker discovery in patients(More)
BACKGROUND A reduced heparan sulphate (HS) expression in the glomerular basement membrane of patients with overt diabetic nephropathy is associated with an increased glomerular heparanase expression. We investigated the possible association of urinary heparanase activity with the development of proteinuria in patients with Type 1 diabetes (T1D), Type 2(More)
Capillary hyperperfusion precedes and contributes to the occurrence of diabetic microangiopathy. Vascular tone is regulated by the balance of vasodilating and vasoconstricting factors, of which nitric oxide (NO; an endothelium dependent vasodilator) and norepinephrine (NE; a potent vasoconstrictor), respectively, are of primary importance. To investigate(More)
Rituximab: effective treatment for severe steroid-dependent minimal change nephrotic syndrome? Sir, Minimal change disease (MCNS) accounts for 70–90% of the cases of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome in children. Most patients respond to steroid therapy. However, the relapse rate is high and $50% of patients are steroid-dependent or frequent-relapsers [1].(More)