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CONTEXT Behavioral weight loss interventions achieve short-term success, but re-gain is common. OBJECTIVE To compare 2 weight loss maintenance interventions with a self-directed control group. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Two-phase trial in which 1032 overweight or obese adults (38% African American, 63% women) with hypertension, dyslipidemia, or(More)
A randomized trial of falls prevention program that addressed home safety, exercise, and behavioral risks was conducted with 3,182 independently living HMO members age 65 and older. The intervention decreased the odds of falling by 0.85, but only reduced the average number of falls among those who fell by 7%. The effect was strongest among men age 75 and(More)
BACKGROUND The U.S. Public Health Service clinical practice guideline calls for clinicians and healthcare organizations to identify and treat every tobacco user seen in a healthcare setting. There is little information on the extent of compliance with the guideline's treatment model described by the "5A's" (Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, Arrange). METHODS(More)
This study evaluated the impact of a year-long incentives-based worksite smoking-cessation program. Nineteen moderate-sized worksites, employing a total of approximately 1100 smokers, were randomized to Incentive or No Incentive conditions. All identified smokers in the worksite were considered as subjects, whether or not they participated in the(More)
This study's purpose was to identify psychosocial predictors of weight loss maintenance in a multi-site clinical trial, following a group-based weight loss program. Participants (N = 1025) were predominately women (63%) and 38% were Black (mean age = 55.6 years; SD = 8.7). At 12 months, higher SF-36 mental health composite scores were associated with less(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a revised worksite health promotion program that featured an employee steering committee/menu approach to intervention. The "Take Heart II" program was evaluated using a quasi-experimental matched-pair design with worksite as the unit of analysis. Experimental and control worksites did not differ on(More)
This article reviews short-term (6 months) and longer term (12-24 months) maintenance of cessation and relapse in adult smokers and the factors and treatments that affect these outcomes. MedLine and PsycLIT searches were done for research published in English between 1988 and 1998 meeting a defined set of criteria. Intensive intervention, telephone(More)
BACKGROUND Telephone counseling for tobacco cessation is an effective and evidence-based approach to address tobacco use. The wide dissemination of region- and state-level quit lines has been a major goal for public health agencies. However, connecting patients in primary care settings to state-level quit lines has not been evaluated. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the long-term efficacy of brief counseling plus a computer-based tobacco intervention for teens being seen for routine medical care. METHODS Both smoking and nonsmoking teens, 14 to 17 years of age, who were being seen for routine visits were eligible for this 2-arm controlled trial. Staff members approached teens in waiting rooms of 7(More)