Learn More
A randomized trial of falls prevention program that addressed home safety, exercise, and behavioral risks was conducted with 3,182 independently living HMO members age 65 and older. The intervention decreased the odds of falling by 0.85, but only reduced the average number of falls among those who fell by 7%. The effect was strongest among men age 75 and(More)
CONTEXT Behavioral weight loss interventions achieve short-term success, but re-gain is common. OBJECTIVE To compare 2 weight loss maintenance interventions with a self-directed control group. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Two-phase trial in which 1032 overweight or obese adults (38% African American, 63% women) with hypertension, dyslipidemia, or(More)
This article reviews short-term (6 months) and longer term (12-24 months) maintenance of cessation and relapse in adult smokers and the factors and treatments that affect these outcomes. MedLine and PsycLIT searches were done for research published in English between 1988 and 1998 meeting a defined set of criteria. Intensive intervention, telephone(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Insulin resistance (IR) improves with weight loss, but this response is heterogeneous. We hypothesised that metabolomic profiling would identify biomarkers predicting changes in IR with weight loss. METHODS Targeted mass spectrometry-based profiling of 60 metabolites, plus biochemical assays of NEFA, β-hydroxybutyrate, ketones, insulin and(More)
Three social network measures were obtained from a randomly sampled cohort of 2603 HMO members in 1970-71. Mortality and first incidence of ischemic heart disease, cancer, stroke, and hypertension were assessed over the next 15 years. Outcome data were adjusted for age, sex, smoking, SES, and baseline health status. Persons with histories of a given(More)
BACKGROUND The U.S. Public Health Service clinical practice guideline calls for clinicians and healthcare organizations to identify and treat every tobacco user seen in a healthcare setting. There is little information on the extent of compliance with the guideline's treatment model described by the "5A's" (Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, Arrange). METHODS(More)
This study evaluated the impact of a year-long incentives-based worksite smoking-cessation program. Nineteen moderate-sized worksites, employing a total of approximately 1100 smokers, were randomized to Incentive or No Incentive conditions. All identified smokers in the worksite were considered as subjects, whether or not they participated in the(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a revised worksite health promotion program that featured an employee steering committee/menu approach to intervention. The "Take Heart II" program was evaluated using a quasi-experimental matched-pair design with worksite as the unit of analysis. Experimental and control worksites did not differ on(More)
This study's purpose was to identify psychosocial predictors of weight loss maintenance in a multi-site clinical trial, following a group-based weight loss program. Participants (N = 1025) were predominately women (63%) and 38% were Black (mean age = 55.6 years; SD = 8.7). At 12 months, higher SF-36 mental health composite scores were associated with less(More)