Jack Engstrom

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The lipooligosaccharide (LOS) of pathogenic Neisseria is an important factor in disease pathogenesis. Little is known about the genes involved in neisserial LOS biosynthesis. To elucidate specific LOS biosynthetic genes, we screened a Tn916 library that was constructed in Neisseria meningitidis strain NMB. This strain expresses a single LOS that has an(More)
Previously, we reported the expression of chimeric lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in Escherichia coli strain JM109 (a K-12 strain) transformed with plasmids containing Haemophilus influenzae lipooligosaccharide synthesis genes (lsg) (Abu Kwaik, Y., McLaughlin, R. E., Apicella, M. A., and Spinola, S. M. (1991) Mol. Microbiol. 5, 2475-2480). In this current study,(More)
Neisseria meningitidis is the etiologic agent of epidemic bacterial meningitis. Lipooligosaccharide (LOS) is a principal virulence factor associated with the organism, and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis of LOS has demonstrated that there is considerable microheterogeneity in the molecule. To begin our understanding of the(More)
The htrB gene product of Haemophilus influenzae contributes to the toxicity of the lipooligosaccharide. The htrB gene encodes a 2-keto-3-deoxyoctulosonic acid-dependent acyltransferase which is responsible for myristic acid substitutions at the hydroxy moiety of lipid A beta-hydroxymyristic acid. Mass spectroscopic analysis has demonstrated that lipid A(More)
The HtrB protein was first identified in Escherichia coli as a protein required for cell viability at high temperature, but its expression was not regulated by temperature. We isolated an htrB homologue from non-typable Haemophilus influenzae strain (NTHi) 2019, which was able to functionally complement the E. coli htrB mutation. The promoter for the NTHi(More)
We show that temperature-sensitive mutations in dnaZ, the gene for the gamma subunit of DNA polymerase III holoenzyme, can be suppressed by mutations in the dnaN gene, which encodes the beta subunit. These results support a direct physical interaction of these two subunits during polymerase assembly or function. The suppressor phenotype is also sensitive to(More)
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