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In vitro nerve growth factor (NGF) antiserum (anti-NGF) treatment was found to significantly depress retinal ganglion cell neurite outgrowth in goldfish explant culture. Goldfish retinas, conditioned by a 14-day prior optic nerve crush, demonstrated a significant dose response inhibition of neurite outgrowth if incubated with various concentrations of the(More)
Glucose transport across the blood-retinal barrier (BRB) was investigated in situ by means of a modification of the single-injection technique developed for studying transport across the blood-brain barrier. A retinal uptake index was calculated from the fractional extraction for 14C-glucose divided by the fractional extraction for the 3H2O reference. The(More)
The structural relationship of the microtubule associated protein tau to paired helical filaments (PHF) was examined by high resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) without treatment with any chemical fixatives. Neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) were isolated in the absence of detergent from Alzheimer diseased brains, were freeze-dried, and were(More)
Light and electron microscopic observations indicated that 1 microgram NGF injected into the goldfish eye at the time of optic nerve crush initiated significant retinal ganglion cell body, nuclear and nucleolar hypertrophy when compared to controls at 7 days post-axotomy (7 DPA). In addition, the ultrastructural morphometric values for NGF-treated retinal(More)
The dorsal column nuclei of young, old, and vitamin E-supplemented old mice were examined by light and electron microscopy. Evidence of neuroaxonal dystrophy (NAD) was found in young (3-mo.-old) mice and increased with age. Vitamin E, added to the diet in the amount of 0.3%, did not protect the nuclei from age-associated degeneration. The NAD was(More)
The minimal requirements for the regeneration of optic nerve fibers in vitro were established in a serum-free retinal explant preparation. This serum-free preparation was developed as a prerequisite for testing the growth-promoting activity of tissue extracts prepared from the primary target of regenerating fibers. Explants taken from goldfish retinas 14(More)
Secretion of neurotrophins is critical for the delivery of neurotrophic support. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor is targeted to a regulated secretory pathway in neurons as well as the neurosecretory AtT-20 cells. Here, we show that pertussis toxin, which inactivates Gi and Go G proteins, inhibits up to 50% of the regulated release of brain derived(More)
The lateral vestibular nucleus was studied by light and electron microscopy in normal rats as well as in rats in which the anterior cerebellar vermis was destroyed. Dark neurons were seen in many of the operated rats but were rarely found in normal control animals. The dark neurons were not seen in adjacent nuclei. In additional rats, it was found that(More)
Severed adult rat dorsal roots were apposed to an intraspinal transplant of fetal spinal cord (FSC) tissue co-grafted with nerve growth factor (NGF)-treated nitrocellulose strips. Axonal regrowth from the injured roots was assessed by calcitonin gene-related peptide immunoreactivity (CGRP-IR). Dense fascicles of regenerating CGRP-IR axons lined the entire(More)