Jack E. James

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Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, stroke volume, cardiac output, and total peripheral resistance were measured in 100 healthy men and women with the aim of investigating hemodynamic profile during anticipation of, and recovery from, exposure to active and passive laboratory stressors. A 5-min anticipatory period preceded two tasks, both of(More)
Although it is widely believed that caffeine can enhance human performance and mood, the validity of this belief has been questioned, giving rise to debate. The central question is whether superior performance and mood after caffeine represent net benefits, or whether differences between caffeine and control conditions are due to reversal of adverse(More)
A quantitative, theory-driven model of hemodynamics was developed, relating reactivity in blood pressure to orthogonal dimensions of "hemodynamic profile" and "compensation deficit," which were derived from the (multiplicative) interaction of cardiac output and total peripheral resistance. A Finapres 2300e was used to estimate blood pressure, cardiac(More)
OBJECTIVE This review aims to determine whether, and to what extent, dietary caffeine may be a risk to cardiovascular health. METHODS A critical review of the relevant experimental and epidemiologic literature was conducted, with particular reference to studies of caffeine and blood pressure (BP). RESULTS There is extensive evidence that caffeine at(More)
OBJECTIVE Consumption of caffeinated sugar-sweetened beverages (CSSBs) among children and adolescents has increased markedly in recent years but the consequence of their consumption is not well understood. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of CSSBs in children aged 10-12years and examine the relationship between CSSBs and common(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Despite several decades of research into the effects of caffeine on EEG, few consistent findings have emerged. Notwithstanding the likelihood that differences in methodology may explain some of the inconsistency, confidence in the published findings is undermined by the failure in previous studies to control for the effects of caffeine(More)
The authors tested the effects of a laboratory analogue of social support on reactivity to laboratory-based behavioral challenge. Video-relayed supportive commentary was provided by a same-sex confederate while participants (40 healthy men and women assigned to support and no-support groups) performed a demanding computer task, and their heart rate,(More)
Using academic achievement as the key outcome variable, 7377 Icelandic adolescents were surveyed for cigarette smoking, alcohol use, daytime sleepiness, caffeine use, and potential confounders. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to examine direct and indirect effects of measured and latent variables in two models: the first with caffeine excluded(More)
The hypothesis that work control has beneficial effects on well-being is the basis of the widely applied, yet inconsistently supported, Job Demand Control (JDC) Model [Karasek, R.A., 1979. Job demands, job decision latitude and mental strain: Implications for job redesign. Adm. Sci. Q. 24, 285-308.; Karasek, R., Theorell, T., 1990. Healthy Work: Stress,(More)
Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) may experience higher levels of stress and health problems than parents of children with typical development. However, most research has focused on mothers, with emphasis on parent-reported stress and wellbeing. This study compared parenting responsibility, distress, anxiety, depression, cortisol,(More)