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A series of ten homologous and regioisomeric aminoketones related to the designer synthetic cathinone derivative MDPV were evaluated in this study. These compounds were prepared from a common precursor chemical, piperonal (3,4-methylenedioxybenzaldehyde). These aminoketones show major peaks in their mass spectra corresponding to the regioisomeric and(More)
The GC-MS properties of the synthetic cannabinoid drug of abuse 3-(1-naphthoyl)-1-pentylindole (JWH-018) and all 5 of its' regioisomeric 1-naphthoyl substituted 1-n-pentylindoles are compared in this report. These compounds have the 1-naphthoyl-group attached at each of the possible substituent positions of the indole ring. The six compounds have the same(More)
The popular drug of abuse 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) is one of a total of 10 regioisomeric 2,3- and 3,4-methylenedioxyphenethylamines of MW 193 that yields regioisomeric fragment ions with equivalent mass (m/z 58 and 135/136) in the electron-impact (EI) mass spectrum. Thus, these 10 methylenedioxyphenethylamines are uniquely isomeric; they(More)
A number of 4,7-disubstituted benzopyran-2-ones were synthesized and evaluated for crude rat lens aldose reductase inhibitory activity. Substituents on position 4 included CH3, CO2H, CH2CO2H, CH = CHCO2H, and CH2CH2CO2H. The aromatic substituents included OH, OCH3, OCOCH3, CH2CH3, and Cl. Also included in the study were(More)
A variety of N-(phenylsulfonyl)-N-phenylglycines 5, N-(phenylsulfonyl)-2-phenylglycines 6, and N-(phenylsulfonyl)anthranilic acids 7 were prepared as analogues of the N-(phenylsulfonyl)glycine 1 aldose reductase inhibitors. In the rat lens assay, several derivatives of 5 display greater inhibitory activity than the corresponding glycines 1, suggesting that(More)
A series of substituted N-[[(4-benzoylamino)phenyl]sulfonyl]amino acids (BAPS-amino acids) were synthesized by established methods, and the stereochemistry of the products was confirmed by HPLC analysis after chiral derivatization. When tested against aldose reductase (alditol:NADP+ oxidoreductase; EC 1.1.1.21; ALR2) isolated from rat lens, all of the(More)
The effects of 4-bromo-2,5-dimethoxyphenethylamine (Nexus), 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA), 3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl-2-butanamine (BDB), and cathinone were studied in the newly hatched chicken and compared to the effects of d-amphetamine and three hallucinogens in the same species. Cathinone, a psychomotor stimulant in man (6), produced effects that(More)
To enhance the ocular uptake of N-[4-(benzoylamino)phenylsulfonyl]glycine (BAPSG), two ester (methyl and isopropyl) prodrugs were synthesized and evaluated for their stability in various buffers (pH 1-9), hydrolysis in rabbit ocular tissues (cornea, conjunctiva, iris-ciliary body, lens, aqueous humor, and vitreous humor), transport across cornea and(More)
A number of N-benzenesulfonylglycines, alanines, sarcosine, and prolines, which contain the minimum pharmacophore moieties necessary for aldose reductase inhibitory activity, were prepared and tested in the rat lens assay. In this assay, the benzenesulfonylglycines are considerably more potent than the corresponding alanine and sarcosine derivatives which,(More)