Jack Cadogan

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The new Dietary Reference Intakes (DRI) for calcium were released August 13, 1997 by the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academy of Science. Unlike the RDA's which established the minimal amounts of nutrients needed to be protective against possible deficiency, the new values are designed to reflect the latest understanding about nutrient(More)
2-(Pyrrol-1-yl)phenoxyl, aminyl, thiophenoxyl and benzyl radicals 2a-2d, respectively, were generated in the gas-phase under flash vacuum pyrolysis conditions. In all cases except the phenoxyl, cyclisation took place providing acceptable synthetic routes to the fused heterocycles 11, 14 and 15, respectively. Only sigmatropic rearrangement products were(More)
Renewable energy technologies such as photovoltaic, solar thermal electricity, and wind turbine power are environmentally beneficial sources of electric power generation. The integration of renewable energy sources into electric power distribution systems can provide additional economic benefits because of a reduction in the losses associated with(More)
Flash vacuum pyrolysis (FVP) of aryl 2-(allyloxy)benzoates 5 and of the corresponding aryl 2-(allylthio)benzoates 6 at 650 degrees C, gives dibenzofurans 19 and dibenzothiophenes 20, respectively. The mechanism involves generation of phenoxyl (or thiophenoxyl) radicals by homolysis of the O-allyl (or S-allyl) bond, followed by ipso attack at the ester(More)
The pyrrolylacrylates 9 and 10 were synthesised and subjected to flash vacuum pyrolysis (FVP) at 650-700 degrees C to generate the radicals 11 and 18, respectively. The phenoxyl 11 underwent hydrogen capture to give a mixture of the phenol 12 and the pyrrolobenzoxazine 13 in low yields, which were also obtained by a Wittig reaction of the 2-formylpyrrole(More)
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