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Protein degradation by basal constitutive autophagy is important to avoid accumulation of polyubiquitinated protein aggregates and development of neurodegenerative diseases. The polyubiquitin-binding protein p62/SQSTM1 is degraded by autophagy. It is found in cellular inclusion bodies together with polyubiquitinated proteins and in cytosolic protein(More)
Autophagy is a catabolic process where cytosolic cellular components are delivered to the lysosome for degradation. Recent studies have indicated the existence of specific receptors, such as p62, which link ubiquitinated targets to autophagosomal degradation pathways. Here we show that NBR1 (neighbor of BRCA1 gene 1) is an autophagy receptor containing LC3-(More)
Autophagy is the main eukaryotic degradation pathway for long-lived proteins, protein aggregates, and cytosolic organelles. Although the protein machinery involved in the biogenesis of autophagic vesicles is well described, very little is known about the mechanism of cytosolic transport of autophagosomes. In this study, we have identified an adaptor protein(More)
Autophagy is a fundamental biological process of the eukaryotic cell contributing to diverse cellular and physiological functions including cell-autonomous defense against intracellular pathogens. Here, we screened the Rab family of membrane trafficking regulators for effects on autophagic elimination of Mycobacterium tuberculosis var. bovis BCG and found(More)
The main goal of our study was to analyze and compare the profiles of secreted proteins from adult human articular chondrocytes in monolayers, and cartilage explants in culture, using a de novo protein labeling approach. Stable isotope labeling of proteins in culture was used to differentiate between chondrocyte-derived proteins and other preexisting(More)
This study was undertaken to compare the phenotype of human articular chondrocytes (ACs) and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) after cell expansion by studying the spectrum of proteins secreted by cells into the culture medium. ACs and MSCs were expanded in monolayer cultures for some weeks, as done in standard cell transplantation(More)
p62, also known as sequestosome1 (SQSTM1), A170, or ZIP, is a multifunctional protein implicated in several signal transduction pathways. p62 is induced by various forms of cellular stress, is degraded by autophagy, and acts as a cargo receptor for autophagic degradation of ubiquitinated targets. It is also suggested to shuttle ubiquitinated proteins for(More)
Selective autophagy performs an array of tasks to maintain intracellular homeostasis, sterility, and organellar and cellular functionality. The fidelity of these processes depends on precise target recognition and limited activation of the autophagy apparatus in a localized fashion. Here we describe cooperation in such processes between the TRIM family and(More)
The transcription factor Pax6 is essential for the development of the eyes and the central nervous system of vertebrates and invertebrates. Pax6 contains two DNA-binding domains; an N-terminal paired domain and a centrally located homeodomain. We have previously shown that the vertebrate paired-less isoform of Pax6 (Pax6DeltaPD), and several other(More)
The selective autophagy receptor p62/sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1) interacts directly with LC3 and is involved in oxidative stress signaling in two ways in mammals. First, p62 is transcriptionally induced upon oxidative stress by the NF-E2-related factor 2 (NRF2) by direct binding to an antioxidant response element in the p62 promoter. Second, p62 accumulation,(More)