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Amphotericin B (AmB) is a well known polyene macrolide antibiotic used to treat systemic fungal infections. Despite its toxicity AmB is still regarded as a life-saving drug. The lack of adequate knowledge of the AmB mechanism of action is a serious obstacle to efficient development of new less toxic derivatives. Complementary to various experimental(More)
F(o)F(1)-ATPase is a rotary motor protein synthesizing ATP from ADP driven by a cross-membrane proton gradient. The proton flow through the membrane-embedded F(o) generates the rotary torque that drives the rotation of the asymmetric shaft of F(1). Mechanical energy of the rotating shaft is used by the F(1) catalytic subunit to synthesize ATP. It was(More)
Amphotericin B (AmB) is a polyene macrolide antibiotic used to treat systemic fungal infections. The molecular mechanism of AmB action is still only partly characterized. AmB interacts with cell-membrane components and forms membrane channels that eventually lead to cell death. The interaction between AmB and the membrane surface can be regarded as the(More)
Sterol molecules are essential for maintaining the proper structure and function of eukaryotic cell membranes. The influence of cholesterol (the principal sterol of higher animals) on the lipid bilayer properties was extensively studied by both experimental and simulation methods. In contrast, the effect of ergosterol (the principal fungal sterol) on the(More)
G-quadruplexes (G4) are nucleic acid conformations of guanine-rich sequences, in which guanines are arranged in the square-planar G-tetrads, stacked on one another. G4 motifs formin vivoand are implicated in regulation of such processes as gene expression and chromosome maintenance. The structure and stability of various G4 topologies were determined(More)
Amphotericin B (AmB) is a well-known polyene antibiotic used to treat systemic fungal infections. It is commonly accepted that the presence of sterols in the membrane is essential for the AmB biological activity, that is, for the formation of transmembrane ion channels. The selective toxicity of AmB for fungal cells is attributed to the fact that it is more(More)
Amphotericin B (AmB) is a well-known polyene macrolide antibiotic used to treat systemic fungal infections. AmB targets more efficiently fungal than animal membranes. However, there are only minor differences in the mode of action of AmB against both types of membranes, which is a source of AmB toxicity. In this work, we analyzed interactions of two low(More)
Amphotericin B (AmB) is a well-known polyene macrolide antibiotic used to treat systemic fungal infections. According to a well-documented hypothesis, molecules of AmB form ionic membrane channels that are responsible for chemotherapeutic action. These channels disturb the barrier function of the cell membrane which, in consequence, leads to cell death. The(More)
Amphotericin B (AmB) is a well-known membrane-active antibiotic that has been used to treat systemic fungal infections for more than 45 years. Therapeutic application of AmB is based on the fact that it is more active against ergosterol-containing membranes of fungal cells than against mammalian membranes with cholesterol. In this paper, we examine the(More)
Amphotericin B (AmB) is a well-known antifungal antibiotic that has been used in the clinic for about five decades. Despite its chemotherapeutic importance, AmB is quite toxic and many efforts have been made to improve its pharmacological properties, e.g., by chemical modifications. The lipid membrane is a molecular target for AmB, however, due to(More)