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From a prospectively defined cohort of patients who underwent either general, regional or combined anaesthesia from 1 January 1995 to 1 January 1997 (n = 869 483), all consecutive patients (n = 811) who died within 24 h or remained unintentionally comatose 24 h after anaesthesia were classified to determine a relationship with anaesthesia. These deaths (n =(More)
A blinded meta analysis was performed on randomized clinical trials (RCT) on the medicinal treatment of reflex sympathetic dystrophy (complex regional pain syndrome type I) to assess the methodological quality and quantify the analgesic effect of treatments by calculating individual and summary effect sizes. The internal validity of 21 RCTs was investigated(More)
Acute Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (acute RSD) was defined using a reproducible classification. Elevated temperature of the affected extremity ("calor"), measured by the dorsal side of the observer's hand and mentioned by the patient, pain ("dolor") measured by the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), redness ("rubor"), edema ("tumor") and limited active range of(More)
UNLABELLED Several studies suggest that the cardioprotective effect of sevoflurane depends on protein kinase C (PKC) activation, mitochondrial K(+)(ATP) channel (mitoK(+)(ATP)) opening, and reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, evidence for their involvement was obtained in separate experimental models. Here, we studied the relative roles of PKC,(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass triggers an inflammatory response involving pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interleukin 8 (IL-8). We investigated whether different anaesthetic techniques alter the pro-inflammatory cytokine response to cardiac surgery.(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the test-retest reliability of two questionnaires for measuring activity limitations in patients with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome type 1 (CRPS I) of the lower extremity. DESIGN Patients filled out the Walking Stairs Questionnaire and the Questionnaire Rising and Sitting Down twice during a one-week period. SETTING Outpatient pain(More)
BACKGROUND As the number of terminal cancer patients receiving continuous intrathecal infusion of opioids and local anesthetics for relief of pain increases, we decided to investigate the post-mortem findings of the spinal cord, meninges and nerve roots of patients after continuous intrathecal administration of morphine and combined with bupivacaine. (More)
Evidence-based guidelines for the perioperative management of psychotropic drugs are lacking. The level of evidence is low and is based on case reports, open trials, and non-systematic reviews. However, the interactions and effects mentioned indicate that patients who use psychotropics and require surgery have an enhanced perioperative risk. A group of(More)
BACKGROUND The degradation of sevoflurane can lead to the production of compound A (CA) and carbon monoxide (CO) and an increase in temperature of the absorbent. CA is known to be nephrotoxic in rats. These reactions depend on the strong base and water contents of the carbon dioxide absorbent used. The purpose of this study was to measure the maximum(More)
The hemodynamic and respiratory effects of raising patients from the supine into the sitting position for neurosurgical procedures were investigated in fifteen patients under fentanyl-nitrous oxide anesthesia. The change of position caused a significant decrease in the cardiac output and in the mean arterial blood pressure. An increase in the systemic(More)