Jaap J. Beintema

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Four intracellular RNases were found to be induced in cultured tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) cells upon phosphate starvation. Localization studies revealed three (RNases LV 1-3) in the vacuoles and one (RNase LX) outside these organelles. All of these RNases were purified to homogeneity and were shown to be type I RNases on the basis of type of(More)
The primary structure of an extracellular ribonuclease (RNase LE) from Pi-depleted media of cultured cells of Lycopersicon esculentum L. cv. Lukullus has been determined. This was carried out by analysis of peptides isolated after enzymatic and chemical cleavage of the reduced and S-ethylpyridylated protein. RNase LE consists of 205 amino acid residues and(More)
The history of the abundant repeat elements in the bovine genome has been studied by comparative hybridization and PCR. The Bov-A and Bov-B SINE elements both emerged just after the divergence of the Camelidae and the true ruminants. A 31-bp subrepeat motif in satellites of the Bovidae species cattle, sheep, and goat is also present in Cervidae (deer) and(More)
The RNase A superfamily has been important in biochemical, structural, and evolutionary studies and is believed to be the sole vertebrate-specific enzyme family. To understand the origin and diversification of the superfamily, we here determine its entire repertoire in the sequenced genomes of human, mouse, rat, and chicken. We report a previously unnoticed(More)
A ribonuclease from a callus cell culture of Panax ginseng C.A. Mey strain R1 was isolated. A pure protein with an apparent molecular mass of 18 kDa was obtained. The N-terminal sequences of the protein and of the C-terminal CNBr peptide were determined. No homology with other ribonucleases was found, but there was 60–70% sequence identity with two(More)
Structural features of plant chitinases and chitin-binding proteins are discussed. Many of these proteins consist of multiple domains, of which the chitin-binding hevein domain is a predominant one. X-ray and NMR structures of representatives of the major classes of these proteins are available now, and are used to describe the structures of the other ones.(More)
The amino acid sequences of two ribonucleases from a callus cell culture of Panax ginseng were determined. The two sequences differ at 26% of the amino acid positions. Homology was found with a large family of intracellular pathogenesis-related proteins, food allergens and tree pollen allergens from both dicotyledonous and monocotyledonous plant species.(More)
The primary structure of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) agglutinin has been determined by sequence analysis of peptides obtained from three overlapping proteolytic digests. The sequence of 80 residues consists of two hevein-like domains with the same spacing of half-cystine residues and several other conserved residues as observed earlier in other proteins(More)
In a study of mammalian ribonuclease evolutionary rates, we applied the Fitch-Bruschi correction to reduce the bias caused by an unequal sampling of taxa in different lineages. The correction was clearly appropriate but only up to a point. The analysis showed that the sampling of taxa within the pecora was sufficiently intense that no correction for unseen,(More)