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A simple quantitative and reproducible method for evaluating lens transmission (lambda = 490 and 530 nm) is described. It is based on the measurement of autofluorescence in the anterior and the posterior part of the lens by means of a fluorophotometer, assuming an about equal fluorescence quantum efficiency in both parts. Consequently any difference in(More)
At first it was verified that the major part of the fluorophotometer signal obtained when measuring corneal autofluorescence originated from fluorescence and not from scatter of excitation light at the corneal surface. The minimum percentage of the signal which can be attributed to fluorescence was determined using a fluorescence blocking filter placed in(More)
Lens transmission for blue-green light (lambda = 490 nm and 530 nm) was assessed by means of fluorophotometry in 67 diabetic patients without cataracts and compared with that of 52 healthy controls. Lens transmission was determined from peak autofluorescence values in the anterior and posterior parts of the lens, assuming an about equal fluorescence peak(More)
Values of the diffusion coefficient into the anterior chamber and the blood aqueous barrier permeability as a function of age were determined by fluorophotometry in 58 healthy volunteers. The diffusion coefficient was calculated from aqueous fluorescein concentration and the time integral of non-protein bound fluorescein concentration in plasma.(More)
The transmission of the cornea for light in the wavelength range 450-1000 nm was measured in steps of 50 nm by means of a photodiode implanted into the anterior chamber of whole human donor eyes. In the range from 450 nm up to 600 nm the percentage transmission was found to increase with wavelength from 80% up to 94%. In the range from 60 nm up to 1000 nm(More)
The tumoricidal effect of hyperthermia was studied in Greene's amelanotic hamster melanoma transplanted into the anterior chamber of rabbit eyes. To achieve optimal depth penetration, hyperthermia was induced with near infrared light of 820-870 nm, during 15 minutes, at a beam diameter of 2.5-6.0 mm resulting in an intermediate level hyperthermia of 45-60(More)
A method for assessing the inward permeability of the blood-retinal barrier by fluorophotometry is presented. The permeability value is calculated with the fluorophotometer computer from fluorophotometric scan values in vitreous and non-protein-bound fluorescein concentration values in plasma. No diffusion coefficient of fluorescein in vitreous was required(More)
The purpose of this study was to pinpoint the site of blood-retina barrier disruption after white light exposure and determine the course of barrier repair. The retinas of 25 anaesthetized pigmented rabbits were exposed for 1 hr to the light of a xenon arc lamp filtered to eliminate ultraviolet and infrared light. The light intensities selected were near(More)
Autofluorescence (lambda = 530 nm) of the human lens was determined as a function of age by fluorophotometry in insulin-dependent diabetics and in healthy controls. Statistical analysis revealed a significant linear age dependency for both groups (7.98 ng eq X ml-1 y-1 for diabetic patients, P less than 0.001 and 6.36 ng eq X ml-1 y-1 for healthy controls,(More)
The effect of the local anaesthetics oxybuprocaine (OBu) and tetracaine (Tetra) and the preservatives chlorhexidine (CH) and benzalkonium chloride (BAK) on corneal epithelial permeability was studied by fluorophotometry in normal human eyes. Five instillations of one drop ophthalmic solution of the compounds were administered to one eye at 2-minute(More)