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A vivid perception of the moving form of a human figure can be obtained from a few moving light points on the joints of the body. This is known as biological motion perception. It is commonly believed that the perception of biological motion rests on image motion signals. Curiously, however, some patients with lesions to motion processing areas of the(More)
The visual perception of human movement from sparse point-light walkers is often believed to rely on local motion analysis. We investigated the role of local motion in the perception of human walking, viewed from the side, in different tasks. The motion signal was manipulated by varying point lifetime. We found the task of coherence discrimination, commonly(More)
Eye or head rotation would influence perceived heading direction if it were coded by cells tuned only to retinal flow patterns that correspond to linear self-movement. We propose a model for heading detection based on motion templates that are also Gaussian-tuned to the amount of rotational flow. Such retinal flow templates allow explicit use of(More)
Observer translation relative to the world creates image flow that expands from the observer's direction of translation (heading) from which the observer can recover heading direction. Yet, the image flow is often more complex, depending on rotation of the eye, scene layout and translation velocity. A number of models [1-4] have been proposed on how the(More)
When we move along we frequently look around. How quickly and accurately can we gaze in the direction of heading? We studied the temporal aspects of heading perception in expanding and contracting patterns simulating self-motion. Center of flow (CF) eccentricity was 15 degrees. Subjects had to indicate the CF by making a saccade to it. A temporal constraint(More)
Heading perception from the optic flow is more difficult during eye rotations than when the eye is stationary, because the centre of the retinal motion identifies the fixation direction rather than the direction of heading. Eye movement signals helps when motion parallax is absent. This paper distinguishes two different possibilities for interactions(More)
Nonrigid point-light representations of biological motion are ideal to test higher level influences on structure-from-motion (SFM) perception. Here, we investigated the influence of biological motion perception on 3D SFM interpretations at different speeds. We presented nonrigid biological motion and rigid structures rotating around the vertical axis. The(More)
The Gaussian shape of reciprocal latency distributions typically found in single saccade tasks supports the idea of a race-to-threshold process underlying the decision when to saccade (R. H. Carpenter & M. L. Williams, 1995). However, second and later saccades in a visual search task revealed decision-rate (=reciprocal latency) distributions that were(More)
The focus of expansion (FOE) of a radially expanding optic flow pattern that is overlapped by unidirectional laminar flow is perceptually displaced in the direction of that laminar flow. There is continuing debate on whether this effect is due to local or global motion interactions. Here, we show psychophysically that under conditions without local motion(More)