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Eye or head rotation would influence perceived heading direction if it were coded by cells tuned only to retinal flow patterns that correspond to linear self-movement. We propose a model for heading detection based on motion templates that are also Gaussian-tuned to the amount of rotational flow. Such retinal flow templates allow explicit use of(More)
Observer translation through the environment can be accompanied by rotation of the eye about any axis. For rotation about the vertical axis (horizontal rotation) during translation in the horizontal plane, it is known that the absence of depth in the scene and an extra retinal signal leads to a systematic error in the observer's perceived direction of(More)
Observer translation relative to the world creates image flow that expands from the observer's direction of translation (heading) from which the observer can recover heading direction. Yet, the image flow is often more complex, depending on rotation of the eye, scene layout and translation velocity. A number of models [1-4] have been proposed on how the(More)
When we move along we frequently look around. How quickly and accurately can we gaze in the direction of heading? We studied the temporal aspects of heading perception in expanding and contracting patterns simulating self-motion. Center of flow (CF) eccentricity was 15°. Subjects had to indicate the CF by making a saccade to it. A temporal constraint on the(More)
We investigated the interaction between extra-retinal rotation signals and retinal motion signals in heading perception during pursuit eye movement. For limited viewing aperture, the variability in perceived heading strongly depends on the pattern of motion directions. Heading towards a point outside the aperture generates nearly parallel aperture flow.(More)
The percept of self-motion through the environment is supported by visual motion signals and eye movement signals. The interaction between these signals by decoupling of the eye movement and the pattern of retinal motion during brief simulated ego-movement on straight or circular trajectories was studied. A new response method enabled subjects to report(More)
Nonrigid point-light representations of biological motion are ideal to test higher level influences on structure-from-motion (SFM) perception. Here, we investigated the influence of biological motion perception on 3D SFM interpretations at different speeds. We presented nonrigid biological motion and rigid structures rotating around the vertical axis. The(More)
The Gaussian shape of reciprocal latency distributions typically found in single saccade tasks supports the idea of a race-to-threshold process underlying the decision when to saccade (R. H. Carpenter & M. L. Williams, 1995). However, second and later saccades in a visual search task revealed decision-rate (=reciprocal latency) distributions that were(More)
The focus of expansion (FOE) of a radially expanding optic flow pattern that is overlapped by unidirectional laminar flow is perceptually displaced in the direction of that laminar flow. There is continuing debate on whether this effect is due to local or global motion interactions. Here, we show psychophysically that under conditions without local motion(More)