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BACKGROUND Prenatal diagnosis of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) enables planning of perinatal care and is known to be associated with more stable preoperative hemodynamics. The impact on(More)
OBJECTIVES We aimed to evaluate the effect of percutaneous closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) on left ventricular (LV) hemodynamics. BACKGROUND Today, most PDAs are closed percutaneously.(More)
AIMS Velocity vector imaging (VVI) is an echocardiographic technique based on speckle tracking, which has been validated for the left ventricle (LV). It has not been validated to assess the systemic(More)