The development of a deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM) at a depth of 30–35 m was followed during a 15-d case study in July 1998 at the entrance to the Gulf of Finland. The study consisted of three 18–24-h periods of biological (chlorophyll a, phytoplankton, primary production), chemical (nitrate, phosphate) and physical (CTD, turbulence, vertical particle size… (More)
−1. The composite sea temperature maps were calculated from bias-corrected images collected during upwelling events in the GoF, in 2000–2009. Mean upwelling characteristics were estimated from composite maps for both the northern and southern coasts of the gulf.