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Recently, a C3-binding cyclic synthetic peptide (Compstatin) has been identified that binds to complement component C3 and inhibits complement activation. Here we have examined the influence of Compstatin on complement activation and its indirect effects on cellular responses in whole blood in two models for extracorporeal circulation. Compstatin(More)
The mechanism by which thrombin is generated on a polymer surface in an extracorporeal circuit is not yet fully understood. To address this question we have developed an in vitro chamber model in which whole blood containing heparin (1 IU/mL) comes in contact with a commonly used biomaterial, polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Incubation of blood in the chamber for(More)
Ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) poses a major challenge in many thrombotic conditions and in whole organ transplantation. Activation of the endothelial cells and shedding of the protective vascular glycocalyx during IRI increase the risk of innate immune activation, cell infiltration and severe thrombus formation, promoting damage to the tissue. Here, we(More)
Innate immunity is fundamental to our defense against microorganisms. Physiologically, the intravascular innate immune system acts as a purging system that identifies and removes foreign substances leading to thromboinflammatory responses, tissue remodeling, and repair. It is also a key contributor to the adverse effects observed in many diseases and(More)
In this study we analyzed the blood compatibility of bacterial cellulose (BC) as a new biosynthetic material for use as a vascular graft. As reference materials we used expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) and poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) vascular grafts. These materials are in clinical use today. Tubes with inner diameters of both 4 (not PET) and(More)
We have developed a versatile in vitro chamber model with a double purpose: first, to be able to study mechanisms of bio-incompatibility, and, second, to test biomaterials at all levels of interactions, in whole blood. The use of biomaterials in the form of microscope slides as walls in the chamber makes it possible to analyse both the biomaterial surface(More)
Understanding of the thrombotic response (activation of the intrinsic coagulation system followed by platelet activation) from blood components upon contact with a titanium dental implant is important and not fully understood. The aims of this study were to evaluate: (1) the thrombogenic response of whole blood, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and platelet-poor(More)
Titanium has superior osteointegrating properties compared to other biomaterials. The mechanism for this is unknown. During the initial phase of bone implantation the biomaterial comes into direct contact with whole blood. In this study we use a newly developed in vitro chamber model to compare different commonly used biomaterials in contact with whole(More)
Noble metals are interesting biomaterials for a number of reasons, e.g., their chemical inertness and relative mechanical softness, silver's long known antimicrobial properties, and the low allergenic response shown by gold. Although important for the final outcome of biomaterials, little is reported about early events between pure noble metals and blood.(More)
In this study we have evaluated the influence of biomaterial nano-topography on platelet adhesion and activation. Nano-porous alumina membranes with pore diameters of 20 and 200 nm were incubated with whole blood and platelet rich plasma. Platelet number, adhesion and activation were determined by using a coulter hematology analyzer, scanning electron(More)