Jaakko Pakarinen

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Members of the Mycobacterium avium complex cause pig mycobacteriosis and opportunistic human infections. Infections due to environmental mycobacteria are increasing in both industrial and developing countries. Mycobacterium-infected pig carcasses can pass for human consumption due to the poor specificity of meat control by visual detection at the slaughter(More)
BACKGROUND Animal mycobacterioses are regarded as a potential zoonotic risk and cause economical losses world wide. M. avium subsp. hominissuis is a slow-growing subspecies found in mycobacterial infected humans and pigs and therefore rapid and discriminatory typing methods are needed for epidemiological studies. The genetic similarity of M. avium subsp.(More)
Potential virulence factors of 9 saprophytic and 12 clinical Trichoderma longibrachiatum strains were examined in the present study, in order to compare their capacity to cause infection in humans. All of the strains were able to grow at temperatures up to 40 degrees C and at pH values ranging from 2.0 to 9.0. Carbon and nitrogen source utilization(More)
Simple living conditions and farming environment have been associated with reduced risk for allergic diseases such as atopy and asthma but the factors responsible for this effect remain unresolved. We examined the bacterial composition of house dusts obtained from Finnish and Russian Karelia, two adjacent areas with high and low occurrence of atopic(More)
The tendency in the paper industry is to close all water loops to save water. This leads to higher process temperatures and may increase the colloidal and dissolved material in the process circulation. Increase of nutrients in the water circuits may favor microbiological growth and fouling. In this paper the chemical and microbial compositions of water(More)
BACKGROUND Modern lifestyle and urbanization have been associated with a raised risk for atopic diseases whereas early and long-term exposure to a farm environment confers protection against atopic sensitization. Immunomodulatory potential and microbiological characteristics of settled airborne dust from an urban house and a barn were examined. METHODS(More)
Boreal soils have been suspected reservoirs of infectious environmental mycobacteria. Detection of these bacteria in the environment is hampered by their slow growth. We applied a quantitative sandwich hybridization approach for direct detection of mycobacterial 16S rRNA in soil without a nucleic acid amplification step. The numbers of mycobacterial 16S(More)
Pig mycobacteriosis is the most common animal mycobacterial disease in Finland with a long-term average prevalence of 0.34% and temporary peaks as high as 0.85%. In the current study Mycobacterium-specific real-time qPCR and 16S rRNA sandwich hybridization were utilized for culture-independent detection and measurement of potentially infectious mycobacteria(More)
BACKGROUND Mycobacterioses in animals cause economical losses and certain Mycobacterium avium subspecies are regarded as potential zoonotic agents. The evaluation of the zoonotic risk caused by M. avium subspecies requires information about the quantities of Mycobacterium strains in infected animals. Because M. avium subspecies in pig tissues are difficult(More)
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